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cell

cell structure/cell division

QuestionAnswer
What is the function of the cell/plasma membrane? To control what enters and leaves the cell. "selectively permeable"
What is the cell/plasma membrane made up of? A phospholipid bi-layer with protein molecules interspersed within it.
What are the active processes of cell transport? Phagocytosis and Pinocytosis
What are the passive processes of cell transport? Osmosis and Diffusion
What Cell transport process requires energy? (ATP - Adenosine Triphosphate) Phagocytosis and Pinocytosis
What cel transport process DOESN'T require energy? Osmosis and Diffusion
What does endocytosis mean? Transport INTO a cell
What does exocytosis? Transport OUT of a cell
What is cytoplasm? Liquid within a cell
What does a nucleus do? Controls the cells activities (acts as a brain) contains DNA.
What is the job of a centriole? A pair of structures that act as organizes of the nuclear spindle during cell division
What does a Mitochondria do? Cell respiration. Production of energy in the form of ATP (adenosine triphosphate)
What are the 2 forms of endoplasmic reticulum? Rough and smooth
What is the function of the RER? synthesises protein and transports it within the cell
What is the function of the SER? synthesises and transports lipids and steroids
Golgi Apparatus/body/complex modifies a number of cell products. Plays a part in the formation of lysosomes.
Lysosomes Membrane bound sacs containing digestive enzymes. breaks down bacteria, viruses, toxins, non-useful tissues
Meiosis occurs in what cells? germ cells of the ovaries and testicles
Where does Mitosis occur? in the somatic cells of the body
What does mitosis involve? the replicatin of DNA
What are the stages of cell division? Prophase, metaphase, anaphase, telophase
how many daughter cells does meiosis produce after one process and what is it called? 2 stages, 4 daughter cells, haploid
how many stages is one process of mitosis, how many daughter cells does it produce and what is it called? 1 stage, 2 daughter cells, new cells have half he number of parent cells diploid
what is the name of the cell membranes outer layer? hydrophilic
what is the name of the inside layer of the cell membrane? hydrophobic
Created by: aletri16