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VT101-1

Chapter 9- Respiratory system

QuestionAnswer
substances that are used to control or prevent coughing antitussives
substances that expand the openings into the lung bronchodilators
substances that narrow the openings into the lungs bronchoconstrictors
inflammation of the trachea and bronchi. tracheobronchitis
Nasal discharge rhinorrhea
inflammation of the nasal mucous membranes rhinitis
abnormal accumulation of air or gas in the chest cavity pneumothorax
abnormal accumulation of fluid in the pleural space pleural effusion
sudden fluttering or closure of the voice box laryngospasm
abnormal condition of blue discoloration, caused by inadequate oxygen levels cyanosis
punture of the chest wall with a needle to obtain fuid from the peural cavity thoracocentesis
air in the pathway of the respiratory system dead space
snoring, squeaking, or whistling that suggests airway narrowing stridor
amount of air exchanged during normal respiration (air inhaled & exhaled in one breath) tidal volume
an excessive amount of carbon dioxide in the blood due to decreased ventilation can lower the pH of blood respiratory acidosis
excessive amounts of carbon dioxide in the blood hypercapnia
refers to an inadequate supply of oxygen to tissue despite an adequate blood supply hypoxia
difficult or labored breathing dyspnea
absence of breathing apnea
an abnormal displacement or organs through the muscle separating the chest and abdomen diaphragmatic hernia
a muscle, contraction of the diaphragm causes air pressure in the lungs to drop below atmospheric pressure diaphragm
membranous sac that encases the lung pleura
chest of chest cavity thorax
air sacs in which most of the gas exchange occurs alveoli
branches from the trachea and each brochus leads to a seperate lung bronchi
commonly called the windpipe and extends from the neck to the chest trachea
part of the respiratory tract located between the pharynx and trachea. larynx
acts like a lid and covers the larynx during swallowing epiglottis
responsible for the sense of smell olfactory receptors
thin hairs located inside the nostrils cilia
tube that passes through the nose to the stomach nasogastric
combinging form for nose rhin/o
Created by: deyounta