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Vet Tech Terms~Ch 2

Elements in the Animal Body

Oxygen "O"- necessary for cellular energy, the production of ATP, a component of water
Carbon "C"- primary component of organic molecules
Hydrogen "H"- Component of water and organic molecules, necessary for energy transfer and respiration, ion influences pH levels
Nitrogen "N"- component of all proteins and nucleic acids
Calcium "Ca"- component of bones and teeth, required for muscle contraction, nerve impulse transmission, and blood clotting
Phosphorus "P"- principal component in backbone of nucleic acids, important in energy transfer (part of ATP), and a component of bones
Sulfur "S"- component of most proteins
Sodium "Na"- important positive ion in extracellular fluid, important in nerve function
Chlorine "Cl"- most abundant negative ion in extracellular fluid
Magnesium "Mg"- component of many energy transferring enzymes
Silicone "Si"- component of some enzymes
Aluminum "Al"- component of some enzymes
Iron "Fe"- Critical component of hemoglobin
Manganese "Mn"- needed for fatty acid synthesis
Fluorine "F"- component of bones and teeth
Vanadium "V"- component of some enzymes
Chromium "Cr"- needed for proper glucose metabolism
Copper "Cu"- needed for hemoglobin and myelin
Boron "B"- component of some enzymes
Cobalt "Co"- needed for maturation of red blood cells
Zinc "Zn"- important component of many enzymes and proteins
Selenium "Se"- antioxidant
Molybdenum "Mo"- key component of many enzymes
Tin "Sn"- component of some enzymes
Iodine "I"-component of thyroid hormone
Created by: Misty Lynn