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Vet Tech Terms Ch 1

Intro to Anatomy and Physiology

QuestionAnswer
What is Anatomy? Deals with the form and structure of the body and its parts
What is Physiology? Deals with the functions of the body and its parts
What are the Main Body Systems? Skeletal, Integumentary, Nervous, Cardiovascular, Respiratory, Digestive, Muscular, Sensory, Endocrine, Reproductive, Urinary
What does the Skeletal system consist of? Bones and Joints
What does the Integumentary system consist of? Skin, Hair, Nails, and Hooves
What does the Nervous system consist of? Central and Peripheral Nervous Systems
What does the Cardiovascular system consist of? Heart and Blood Vessels
What does the Respiratory system consist of? Lungs and Air Passages
What does the Digestive system consist of? Gastrointestinal tube and accessory digestive organs
What does the Muscle system consist of? skeletal, cardiac, and smooth muscle
What does the Sensory system consist of? organs of general and special sense
What does the Endocrine system consist of? endocrine glands and hormones
What does the Urinary system consist of? kidneys, ureters, urinary bladder, and urethra
What does the Reproductive system consist of? male and female reproductive structures
Sagittal Plane divides the body into right and left halves, not necessarily equal
Median Plane a sagittal plane that divided the body into equal right and left halves
Transverse Plane divides the body into cranial and caudal halves, not necessarily equal
Dorsal Plane divides the body into ventral and dorsal halves, not necessarily equal, aka frontal plane in humans
Cranial toward the head
Rostral toward the tip of the nose, used for the head only, everything else is cranial
Caudal toward the tail
Dorsal toward the back
Ventral toward the belly
Medial toward the median plane, middle of the body
Lateral away from the median plane
Deep internal, toward the center, inside the body
Superficial external, toward the surface, outside of the body
Proximal toward the body, on extremities its closer to the point of origin
Distal away from the body, on extremities its further from the point of origin
What is the Palmer surface? "back" of FORElimb distal to CARPUS, "front" is considered dorsal below carpus
What is the Plantar surface? "back" of HINDlimb distal to TARSUS, "front" is considered dorsal below tarsus
What is Bilateral Symmetry? The left and right halves of an animal are essentially mirrors of each other
What does the dorsal body cavity consist of? the cranium and spinal cord
What does the ventral body cavity consist of? the cranial thoracic cavity and the caudal abdominal cavity (chest and abdomen)
What is the Pleura and its two layers? Thin membrane that covers all the organs in the thoracic cavity, the visceral pleura covers the organs themselves and the parietal pleura lines the whole thoracic cavity
What is Pleuritis/Pleurisy? The pleural surfaces become thickened and rough due to inflammation and scrape over each other causing very painful breathing
What is the Peritoneum and its two layers? Thin membrane that covers the abdominal organs, the visceral peritoneum covers the abdominal organs and the parietal peritoneum lines the abdominal cavity, these two layers glide over each other smoothly due to peritoneul fluid between them
What is Peritonitis and what causes it? Inflammation of the peritoneum, very painful and usually results from a wound penetrating the abdomen or a perforation or rupture of the GI tract
What are Cells? The basic functional units of life in an animal-the smallest subdivisions of the body that are capable of life
What are Tissues? Specialized cells grouped together When specialized cells group together they form tissues.
What are the 4 types of tissue: Epithelial, Connective, Muscle, and Nervous
What are Organs? Made up of a group of tissues that work together for common purposes
What are Systems? Groups of organs that are involved in a common set of activities like the digestive system
Describe Health A state of normal anatomy and physiology, when the structures or functions of the body become abnormal, disease results
Describe Homeostasis The maintenance of a dynamic equilibrium in the body, maintaining balance in the various structures, functions, and properties of the body
What is Epithelial Tissue composed of and what does it do? composed entirely of cells and covers and lines body surfaces and cavities, and forms glands
What does Connective Tissue do and what are the 4 kinds of it? holds the body together and gives it support; adipose, blood, bone and cartilage
What does Muscle Tissue do and what types are there? moves the body, skeletal, smooth and cardiac muscle exists
What does Nervous Tissue do? transmits information around the body and controls body functions
Created by: Misty Lynn