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VT101

Chapter 8-Heart

QuestionAnswer
The heart lies between the lungs in this cavity mediastinum
The double-walled membrane that surrounds the heart. Pericardium
One part of the serous layer (inner layer) of the pericardium. That lines the fibrous pericardium parietal layer
one part of the serous layer (inner layer) of the pericardium. that lines the heart visceral layer
another name for the viseceral layer epidacardium
Tissue Death Necrosis
A localized area of necrosis, caused by an interupted blood supply infarction
The craniodorsal chambers of the heart. All vessel entering the heart come in here. Atrium
The caudoventral chambers of the heart. Ventricles
This valve controls the opening between the right atrium and the right ventrical. Tricuspid valve (right atrioventricular valve)
The volume of the blood pumped by the heart per unit time Cardiac Output
Atypical cardiac muscle cells Purkinje Fibers
Atial Contraction Atrial Systole
The normal heart rythm Sinus Rythm
The record of the electrical activity of the myocardium. Electrocardiogram (ECG or EKG)
Abnormally slow heartbeat Bradycardia
Abnormally fast heartbeat Tachycardia
Irregular heart rythm resulting from variation in vagal nerve tone as a result of respiration (a nonpathologic arrythmia) Normal Sinus Arrythmia
The act of listening to body sounds and usually involves the use of a stethoscope Auscultation
An abnormal sound associated with the turbulent flow of blood Heart Murmur
Blood vessels that carry blood away from the heart Arteries
The main trunk of the arterial system that begins from the left ventricle of the heart Aorta
Form a low-pressure collecting system that returns blood to the heart Veins
High blood pressure HYPERTENSION
Low blood pressure hypotension
syndrome that reflects insufficient cardiac output to meet the body's needs Congestive Heart Failure (CHF)
substances that increase urine excretion Diuretics
below normal levels of oxygen hypoxia
inadequate tissue perfusion shock
means to bypass or divert shunt
control or stoppage of bleeding hemostasis
small expander implanted in a blood vessel to prevent it from collapsing stent
introduction of whole blood or blood components into the bloodstream of the recipient transfusion
Created by: deyounta