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VetMed SA Sx Clinics

QuestionAnswer
Definition of Sterilization complete elimination of microbial viability
Definition of Disinfection destruction of MOST pathogenic organisms on inanimate objects
Definition of Antisepsis prevent growth or action of microorganisms on living tissue by inhibiting activity or killing them
Most commonly used method of sterilization Steam/pressure sterilization
What are the biological retractors in an OHE? Right side: duodenocolic ligament Left side: mesocolon of descending colon
Most common oral tumors in canine Epulides (benign) Malignant melanoma Squamous cell carcinoma Fibrosarcoma
Most common oral tumors in feline Squamous cell carcinoma Fibrosarcoma
Purpose of Cheiloplasty prevents drooling and the tongue from hanging out
Difference between Cushing, Connell, and Lembert Cushing - does NOT penetrate lumen Connell - penetrates lumen Lembert - variation on vertical mattress to inverted
What systemic factors may delay healing and increase risk of dehiscence in small intestinal surgery? hypovolemic shock hypoproteinemia debilitation infection
Holding layer of small intestine submucosa
In surgical repair of perineal hernia, where does reoccurrence usually happen? ventral aspect of hernia
Most common perianal tumor Perianal adenoma
What qualifies an oblique fracture as short, long, or spiral? Short - fracture <2x diameter of bone Long - fracture >2x diameter of bone Spiral - long oblique with twist
Describe three subcategories of Type III open fractures IIIa - adequate skin to close wound IIIb - insufficient skin to close, "degloving" IIIc - compromised vascular supply to distal limb
What five forces act on bone? tension compression bending shear torsion (rotation)
What percentage of medullary cavity should intramedullary pins occupy? 70%
At what age is TPO done? Triple Pelvic Osteotomy <10-12 months of age
At what age is JPS done? Juvenile Pubic Symphysiodesis 3-4 months of age
Which suture material has absolute knot security? stainless steel
Biomechanical goal of TPO provide dorsal coverage to prevent re-luxation of coxofemoral joint
Complications of TPO narrowed pelvic canal sciatic neuropraxia implant failure progressive OA abnormal gait
How much of the small intestine can be safely removed? 85%
Fragmented Medial Coronoid Process etiology, signalment, treatment etiology - excessive loading of joint, direct trauma, OCD-complex signalment - lameness begins at 4-9mos in large breed dogs treatemtn - arthrotomy or arthroscopy
What is the purpose of the neutralization plate? anatomically reconstructs fracture bone shares load and protects implants
What is the purpose of the buttress plates? supports fragments to prevent collapse and maintain bone length bone does NOT share load
Order of loss of neural function proprioception --> motor function --> superficial pain --> deep pain
Horner's Syndrome ptosis (drooping upper eyelid) miosis enopthalmos
Procedure used to correct an ectopic ureter that completely bypasses the uterus neoureterocystostomy
Which direction does stomach rotate and which side of midline will the pylorus and duodenum be in GDV? clockwise (on mesenteric axis) duodenum and pylorus will be to left of midline
Osteochondrosis disturbance in process of endochondral ossification in a focal area of a developing articular surface
What is a pheochromocytoma? neuroendocrine tumor of the medulla of the adrenal glands (chromaffin cells) OR extra-adrenal chromaffin tissue that failed to involute after birth secretes excessive amounts of catecholamines, epinephrine (adrenal) or norepinephrine (extra-adrenal)
What are Balfour Retractors used for? open GI surgery
Difference between what OFA and Penn-Hip are testing for OFA - degenerative OA or dysplasia Penn-Hipp - joint laxity
Technically, a surgical infection requires what concentration of bacteria? 10^5 cfu/gram of tissue
Which suture material should NEVER be used in the bladder? Dexon (dissolves quickly in alkaline environment) Braided multifilament suture
Most common type of ectopic ureter in the canine intraluminal ectopic ureter
Most common type of ectopic ureter in the feline extramural ectopic ureter
Most common associated problem with ectopic ureters hydronephrosis
Most common urachal defect vesicourachal diverticulum
Congenital urethral abnormality with failure of fusion of urogenital folds hypospadias
Congenital urethral abnormality with failure of fusion of dorsal penile urethra epispadias
Most common locations for esophageal foreign body thoracic inlet base of heart diaphragm
What is the holding layer of the esophagus? submucosa
Describe Gastroduodenostomy (Bilroth I) pylorectomy + partial gastrectomy + anastamosis of duodenum to stomach
Describe Gastrojejunostomy (Bilroth II) pylorectomy + partial gastrectomy + anastomosis of jejunum to stomach
Name the two layers of an intussusception intussucipiens - outside fold intussusceptum - inside fold
What is the holding layer of the large intestine? submucosa
What are the two devices used to ligate a hepatic shunt? ameroid ring cellophane band
Name the factors of Brachycephalic Airway Syndrome stenotic nares tonsillar enlargement elongated soft palate everted laryngeal saccules laryngeal collapse tracheal hypoplasia
Created by: 26509889