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Vet Term Roots

Veterinary Terminology Roots

QuestionAnswer
Aer-, aero Denoting gas
Alge-, algesi-, algo- Relating to pain
Anomalo- Denoting irregularity
Arthro- Relating to a joint or joints
Brevi- Short
Celio- Denoting the abdomen
Chol-, chole-, cholo- Relating to bile
Chrom-, chromo- Relating to color
Cranio- Relating to the cranium of the skull
Cryano-, cryo- Denoting cold
Crypt- To hide, a pit
Cyano- Dark blue
Cyclo- Pertaining to a cycle
Cysto- Relating to a sac or cyst
Cyto- Denoting a cell
Dacryo- Pertaining to the lacrimal glands
Dactylo- Relating to digits
Dent-, dento-, donto- Relating to teeth
Derma-, dermat- Relating to the skin
Desmo- Relating to a bond or ligament
Dextro- Right
Diplo- Double, twofold
Dorsi-, dorso- Referring to the back
Duodeno- Relating to the duodenum
Electro- Relating to electricity
Encephalo- Denoting the brain
Entero- Relating to the intestines
Eso- Inward
Facio- Relating to the face
Gero-, geronto- Denoting old age
Gingiva- Relating to the gingiva or gum
Gloss-, glosso- Relating to the tongue
Gluco- Denoting sweetness
Glyco- Relating to sugar
Gnath-, gnatho- Denoting the jaw
Hist-, histio-, histo- Relating to a tissue
Hydr-, hydro- Denoting water
Ileo- Pertaining to the ileum
Ipsi- Meaning self
Irido- Relating to a colored circle
Iso- Equal
Jejuno- Pertaining to the jejunum
Kerato- Relating to the cornea
Labio- Pertaining to the lips
Lacto- Relating to milk
Laparo- Pertaining to the loin or flank
Latero- Pertaining to the side
Leido-, leio- Smooth
Leuk-, leuko- Denoting deficiency of color
Lip-, lipo- Pertaining to fat
Litho- Denoting a calculus
Macr-, macro- Large, long
Masti, mastro- Relating to the breast
Meg-, mega- Great, large
Meningo- Denoting membranes, covering the brain and spinal cord
Micr-, micro- Small in size or extent
Mono- One
Morpho- Relating to form
Multi- Many
My-, myo- Relating to muscle
Myc-, mycet- Denoting a fungus
Myringo- Denoting tympani or the eardrum
Myx-, myxo- Pertaining to mucus
Naso- Relating to the nose
Necro- Denoting death
Neo- New
Nephr-, nephro- Denoting the kidney
Normo- Normal or usual
Oculo- Denoting the eye
Onco- Denoting a swelling or mass
Onycho- Relating to the nails
oo- Denoting an egg
Opisth-, opistho- Backward
Ophthal-, opthalmo- Pertaining to the eye
Optico- Relating to vision
Orchi-, orcho- Relating to the testes
Oro- Relating to the mouth
Ortho- Straight, right
Osteo- Relating to the bones
Ot-, oto- Denoting an ear
Patho- Denoting disease
Pedia-, pedo- Denoting a child or young
Perineo- Combining form for the region between the anus and scrotum or vulva
Phago- Denoting a relationship to eating
Pharyngo- Pertaining to the pharynx
Phleb-, phlebo- Denoting the veins
phot-, photo- Relating to light
Pilo- Relating to hair
Plasmo- Relating to plasma or the substance of a cell
Pneuma-, pneumono-, pneumoto- Denoting air or gas
Pod-, podo- Meaning foot
Poly- Many
Ptyalo- Denoting saliva
Pulmo- Denoting the lung
Pupillo- Denoting the pupil
Pyel-, pyelo- Denoting the pelvis
Pyloro- Relating to the pylorus
Py-, pyo- Denoting pus
Recto- Denoting the rectum
Rhin-, rhino- Denoting the nose
Sclero- Denoting hardness
Sero- Pertaining to serum
Sinistro- Left
Somato- Denoting the body
Spasmo- Denoting a spasm
Spermato-, spermo- Denoting sperm
Sphero- Denoting a sphere, round
Sphygma- Denoting a pulse
Spleen-, spleno- Denoting the spleen
Staphyl-, staphylo- Resembling a bunch of grapes
Steno- Narrow, short
Steth-, stetho- Relating to the chest
Stomato- Denoting the mouth
Sym-, syn- With, along, together
Tacho-, tachy- Swift
Tarso- Relating to the flat of the foot
Terato- Denoting a marvel, prodigy, or monster
Thoraco- Relating to the chest
Thrombo- Denoting a clot of blood
Toxico-, toxo- Denoting poison
Tracheo- Denoting the trachea
Trichi-, tricho- Denoting hair
Ur-, uro-, urono- Relating to urine
Vaso- Denoting a vessel
Veno- Denoting a vein
Ventri-, ventro- Denoting the abdomen
Vertebro- Relating to the vertebra
Viscero- Denoting the organs of the body
vivi- Denoting alive
Xantho- Denoting yellow
Xero- Denoting dryness
Created by: DrCariWise