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PharmCh 12

QuestionAnswer
What is the oldest category of antibiotics? Penicillins
How do Penicillins work? Bind with enzymes outside the bacterial cytoplasmic membrane=cell rupture
What are examples of Penicillins? Amoxicillin Ampicillin Penicillin G
Do Penicillins work better against gram + or gram - bacteria? Gram+
Amoxicillin+Clavulanate Potassium (Clavamox) Human label: Augmentin Broad spectrum AB
How do Cepholosporins work? Ruptures the cell membrane
Cephalexin Category: Antiinfective Class: Cephalosporin
How do Tetracyclines work? impede cell division
Tetracycline Doxycycline Category: Antiinfectives Class: Tetracyclines Adverse effects: can stain teeth, esp in children
How do Aminoglycosides work? impede cell division
Gentamycin Category: Antiinfective Class: Aminoglycoside Disrupts normal intestinal flora=diarrhea
How do Fluoroquinolones work? interfere with bacterial enzyme DNA
Enrofloxacin (Baytril) Category: Antiinfective Class: Fluoroquinolone
Polymyxin B and Bacitracin (Neobacimyx Opthalmic Solution) Topical skin application and ophthalmic applications Tx of superficial bacterial infections of the eye, conjunctiva, and skin
Sulfonamides (Albon Oral Suspension) Known as Sulfa drugs Tx coccidia
Ketoconazole and Miconazole Category: Antifungal Class: Imidazole Agents Topical or oral Tx of systemic mycotic infections and some dermatophytoses
Roccal D or Parvocide or Parvoclear Quarternary Ammonium Compound
Chlorhexadine (Nolvasan) Biguanide Compound
Created by: lsondermann