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PharmCh 9

Megestrol acetate (Ovaban) Category: Gonadotropins and Gonadal Hormones Class: Progestins In dogs: control estrus, tx false pregnancy, prevent vaginal hyperplasia, tx severe galactorrhea, and control unacceptable male behavior Adverse effects: hyperglycemia, adrenal suppression
Altrenogest (Regu-mate) Category: Gonadotropins and Gonadal Hormones Class: Progestin Clinical use: suppress estrus for synchronization, suppress estrus for long periods of time, maintain pregnancy in mares with low levels of progesterone
Dinoprost Tromethamine (Lutalyse) Category: Prostaglandins Class; Dinoprost Tromethamine Cows only-estrus synchronization, tx of silent estrus and pyometra Lyses corpus luteum!!
What are pheromones? Odors released by animals to influence the behavior of one from the same species.
Oxytocin Made in hypothalamus Causes increase in uterine contractions Aids in delivery of babies, placenta, decrease bleeding after deliver, and influence milk let down
What is hypothyroidism? Low levels of thyroid hormone in the body-commonly seen in dogs.
What are signs of hypothyroid dz? lethargy, cold intolerance, dry haircoat, bradycardia, weight gain
Levothyroxine (Soloxine) Tx of hypothyroid dz
What is hyperthyroidism? Increased levels of thyroid hormone in the body--commonly seen in cats
What are the signs of hyperthyroid dz? Vocalization, vomiting, weight loss, tachycardia
Methimazole (Tapazole) Medication used to tx hyperthyroid dz, can be given orally or topically
Radioactive Iodine (I-131) Used to tx hyperthyroid dz does not always work the first time pt has to stay in a special cage bc they are radioactive for a few days
Surgical removal of thyroid glands Tx for hyperthyroid dz
What is used to tx Diabetes? Insulin
How must insulin be given and why? SQ bc it breaks down to quickly if given orally
What are the 3 categories of insulin? Short acting Intermediate acting Long acting
What does DKA stand for? Diabetic Ketoacidosis
How are ketones formed? When a diabetic goes untreated, it breaks down its own body fat which turns into ketones
Created by: lsondermann