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Pharm Ch 8

QuestionAnswer
What are drugs called that cause vomiting? Emetic
Apomorphine Centrally acting emetic Used IV or in the eye Dogs only Adverse effects: vomiting, restlessness, depression
Xylazine Centrally acting emetic Used in cats, IM Adverse effect: sedation
What are drugs cause that control/prevent vomiting? Antiemetics
Chlorpromazine Category: Antiemetic Class: Phenothiazine Derivatives Adverse effects: sedation, ataxia, hypotension
Prochlorperazine Category: Antiemetic Class: Phenothiazine Derivatives Adverse effets: similar to Chlorpromazine
Metoclopramide (Reglan) Category: Antiemetic Class: Procainamide Derivative Tx of vomiting and increases GI motility Adverse effects: behavioral changes, constipation
Dimenhydrinate (Dramamine) Category: Antiemetics Class: Antihistamines Tx of motion sickness/inner ear issues
Diphenhydramine (Benadryl) Category: Antiemetic Class: Antihistamine Tx of motion sickness/inner ear issues
Cimetidine Category: Anticulcer Class: H2 Receptor Antagonists Reduces hydrochloric acid secretion Tx and prevention of ulcers
Famotidine (Pepcid) Category: Antiulcer Class: H2 Receptor Antagonist Tx/Prev of ulcers
Sucralfate (Carafate) Category: Antiulcer Class: Gastromucosal Protectants Forms a bandaide over ulcers
Activated Charcoal (Toxiban) Category: Antidiarrheal Class: Protectants/Adsorbents Adverse effect: constipation
Lactulose Category: Laxative Class: Saline/Hyperosmotic Agent Adverse effects: cramping/nausea
Drugs that encourage the evacuation of stool. Laxatives
Cellulose (Metamucil) Category: Laxatives Class: Bulk-Producing Agent
Cisapride (Propulsid) Category: GI Prokinetics/Stimulants Class: Serotonergic Drugs Tx of constipation Adverse effects: diarrhea/abdominal pain
Metronidazole (Flagyl) Class: Antibiotic Tx of overgrowth of bad bacterial and antiprotozoal (giardia) Adverse effects: anorexia, hepatotoxicity, vomiting, diarrhea
Prednisone-many generics and trade names Class: Antiinflammatory Tx of inflammatory bowel dz
Created by: lsondermann