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Exotics Midterm

QuestionAnswer
Psittacines Budgerigar, Cockatiel, Amazon Parrot, Macaw, Conure, Lovebirds, African Grey Parrot
Passerines Canary, Zebra Finch, Java Rice Bird
Avian Fecal Float Flukes, Ascarids
Avian Fecal Smear Protozoa
Avian Gram Stain Bacterial Analysis
Avian Cloacal Swab To determine lower GI bacterial flora
Avian Oral Exam upper resp. diagnosis
Avian Crop Wash exam upper GI tract
Common Avian Venipuncture Sites Basilic, Right Jugular, Medial Metatarsal Vein
Best way to medicate an avian orally? liquid
Where are most avian drugs injected? large pectoral muscle
Negative aspect of injecting meds into caudal half of avian? May absorb into kidneys
common avian tasks performed by vet techs? tail trim and wing clipping
Optimal avian room temp 80-90
3 most important things during avian hospitalization Stress reduction, Cleanliness, Temperature control
Major avian zoonotic disease? Chlamydophila psittaci, resp inhalation, treatable with antibiotics, can be fatal.
avian restraint tools towels, drapes, perches, nets
when clients call in for avian emergencies: bring bird in own cage, don't clean cage, remove grit (can gorge when sick), cover cage with towel (to keep out of draft), bring vitamins/supplements
why are bird emergencies dangerous? birds rarely show clinical signs
taking clinical history chief complaint, signalment, origin, environment, diet, normal BM, cage mates, past illness
Rabbit scientific name Oryctolagus cuniculus
normal rabbit temp/HR/RR 38-39.6 degrees C/130-325/32-60 breaths per min
normal rabbit lifespan 5-6 years
type of ovulator and gestation period induced; 29-35 days
normal rabbit litter size 4-10
normal rabbit weaning age 4-6 weeks
Avian Fecal Float Flukes, Ascarids
Avian Fecal Smear Protozoa
Avian Gram Stain Bacterial Analysis
Avian Cloacal Swab To determine lower GI bacterial flora
Avian Oral Exam upper resp. diagnosis
Avian Crop Wash exam upper GI tract
Common Avian Venipuncture Sites Basilic, Right Jugular, Medial Metatarsal Vein
Best way to medicate an avian orally? liquid
Where are most avian drugs injected? large pectoral muscle
Negative aspect of injecting meds into caudal half of avian? May absorb into kidneys
common avian tasks performed by vet techs? tail trim and wing clipping
Optimal avian room temp 80-90
3 most important things during avian hospitalization Stress reduction, Cleanliness, Temperature control
Major avian zoonotic disease? Chlamydophila psittaci, resp inhalation, treatable with antibiotics, can be fatal.
avian restraint tools towels, drapes, perches, nets
when clients call in for avian emergencies: bring bird in own cage, don't clean cage, remove grit (can gorge when sick), cover cage with towel (to keep out of draft), bring vitamins/supplements
why are bird emergencies dangerous? birds rarely show clinical signs
taking clinical history chief complaint, signalment, origin, environment, diet, normal BM, cage mates, past illness
Rabbit scientific name Oryctolagus cuniculus
normal rabbit temp/HR/RR 38-39.6 degrees C/130-325/32-60 breaths per min
normal rabbit lifespan 5-6 years
type of ovulator and gestation period induced; 29-35 days
normal rabbit litter size 4-10
normal rabbit weaning age 4-6 weeks
rabbit aggressive behavior thumping, squealing, urination, scratching, biting
rabbit housing temp between 40-80 degrees, normally 65-70 F
common rabbit husbandry practices nail trimming, teeth trimming, ear cleaning, hair brushing
common rabbit public health concerns: salmonellosis, rabies, ringworm, tuberculosis, toxoplasmosis
common rabbit anesthetics ketamine, xlyazine, acepromazine, isoglurane
rabbit IV injection site(s) marginal ear vein
rabbit blood collection site(s) cephalic, central artery of ear
rabbit indwelling cath site(s) lateral saphenous
Pasteurellosis "snuffles," bacterial, sneezing, nare discharge, fatal septicemia
Treponematosis "vent dz," bacterial, genital lesions, tx: penecillin
Tularemia "rabbit fever," bacterial, die before clinical signs evident
Papilloma viral, small, greyish nodules on floor of mouth
Rabbit Pox viral, highly contagious, high mortality rate
Myxomatosis bacterial, insect vectors, conjunctivitis, death in 2 days
Rotavirus type A bacterial, fecal/oral, diarrhea, high mortality
Coccidiosis parasitic, fecal/oral, tx: sulfonides in drinking water
Encephalitozoonosis parasitic, shed in urine, neurologic, no tx
Pododermatitis "bumble foot," fecal material accumulation, extremely painful, tx: antibiotic ointment
Moist Dermatitis "slobbers," bacterial, chronically wet skin
Intrinsic stress factors: Species, Age, Sex, Heredity
Extrinsic stress factors: Temp, Noise, Ventilation, Humidity, Lighting
Dietary stress factors: quality of food and water, sanitation of food and water containers, sterilization of feed
Experimental stress factors: surgery, restraint, drug effects
Basic Research: advancing knowledge of basic life processes and dz
Applied Research: advancing knowledge for specific use such as vax or surgical
Clinical Research: designed to build on knowledge gained in basic and applied research
Research team must have how many people? Two, primary investigator and lab tech
Created by: nlchandler87