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Anthropology 1310

Introduction to anthropology Test #1

What is Anthropology? A global perspective on Human behavior.
Cultural Relativism: Idea that no ONE culture or religion serves as a standard by which others are judged.
Cultural Absolutism: The idea that there is ONE culture and religion that serves as a standard.
Ethnocentrism: Staying to one thing, nothing else.
post modernism: The gradual encroachment of the other into what was once considered privileged space.
post culturalism: a mindset that sees other cultures besides own.
Anthropological truth #1 of 3: The level of technological development in a particular group is not reflective of their level of intelligence.
Anthropological truth #2 of 3: The various components of culture are NOT absolute.
Anthropological truth #3 of 3: Culture is passed down by means of learning and instruction, not genetic inheritance. "culture is learned."
The sub-fields of Anthropology: Physical archaeology sociolinguistics cultural
*Culture* A symbolic matrix of psychological, ideological, and survival oriented adaptation responses that differentiates once's conceptual space from that of the "other."
The most important rule of science is: Rule of Falsifiability
Rule of Falsifiability: Claims that are not falsifiable are meaningless.
Title of Charles Darwin's publication: "On the Origin of species by means of Natural Selection."
Evolution: A change in gene frequency through time.
Pre-Darwinian views: Essentialism catastrophism uniforiatananism
How many major extinctions have there been in the past 500 million years? FIVE.
What laws is Lamarck known for? The law of Use and disuse & law of inheritance of acquired characteristics.
What was one of the first signs of the existence of "culture?" Stone Tools. Circa 2.5 mya
What are the two (2) schools of thought regarding how evolution occurred? 1. Gradualism 2. punctuated equilibrium
In what way did modern humans make their way to the Americas? Through the Bering Strait Land bridge.
What is a theory? It is a hypothesis that has stood the test of Time; has not been proven wrong.
What is one way that one can differentiate species? They might (if possible) be able to mate, but their offspring will be Infertile.
What is one characteristic that distinguishes a Hominid? They are BIpedal.. meaning they walk on two feet.
Which evolutionary ancestor is considered to have been the first to leave Africa? Homo Erectus.
For how long have Homo Sapiens been known to be in existence? 195,000 years.
Created by: gisele1993