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Tissues VT


4 primary types of tissue epithelial, connective, muscle, nervous
study of tissues histology
6 functins of epithelial tissue protection, secretion, excretion, filtration, absorption, sensory
cavity within a tubular structure lumen
means "having nerves" innervated
vasculature blood vessels
3 types of cell junctions tight junctions, desmosomes, gap junctions
junctions in urinary bladder and digestive tract tight junctions
junction in skin, heart, uterus desmosome
junction in intestines, heart, smooth muscle gap junctions
one layer simple
multiple layers stratified
foundation of hte epithelial cell basement membrane
6 subtypes of epithelial tissue squamous, cuboidal, columnar, pseudostratified, transitional, glandular
flat, thin,plate-like epithelial cells squamous
epithelium in the middle mesothelium
epithelium within endothelium
lines the mouth, esophagus stratified squamous
lines the vagina and rectum stratified squamous
cube shaped cuboidal epithelium
covers ovary surface and kidney tubules simple cuboidal
pleura, pericardium and peritoneum mesothelium
blood vessels, lymphatic vessel endothelium
vagina, rectum squamous (stratified)
forms active part of glands & kidney tubules cuboidal (simple)
covers ovary surface cuboidal (simple)
in ducts of sweat glands, salivary glands, mammary glands cuboidal (stratified)
lines digestive tract from stomach to rectum columnar
have cilia and goblet cells columnar
line bronchi, uterine tubes and uterus columnar (ciliated)
looks layered but is not pseudostratified
line bladder transitional
line uterus transitional
very elastic transitional
highly specialized epithelial cells glandular
excrete and secrete glandular
substances that leave the body excretions
substances that stay within the body secretions
Endo within
Exo out; away from
-crine to secrete
glands without ducts or tubules endocrine glands
glands with ducts exocrine
nonliving extracellular matrix connective tissue
bone connective tissue
is bone well vascularized yes
3 components of connective tissue cells, fibers, matrix (ground substance)
5 functions of connective tissue connect & support, protect, insulate, transports fluids, stores energy
3 connective fibers collagen, elastic, reticular
fiber that is white fiber, very strong, in tendons & ligaments collagen fibers
fiber that is long thin, yellow, stretchable, in vocal cords, lungs, skin , blood vessels elastic fibers
fiber that is not thick, is delicate and forms networks reticular fibers
adipose tissue is what type of tissue connective tissue
adipose means fat
what type of adipose is a source of heat production brown
when the spaces in the loose connective tissue fill with excessive fluid edema
sough connective tissue in joints cartilage
does cartilage have nerves no
cartilage at the end of bones in joints and rings of trachea hyaline
cartilage in the epiglottis, larynx, pinna elastic
cartilage in the vertebrae, between bones of pelvis, in knee fibrocartilage
controlled through conscious effort voluntary
contraction cannot be consciously controlled involuntary
heart is a _____ muscle cardiac, involuntary
3 types of muscle skeletal, smooth, cardiac
breathing is involuntary
running is voluntary
muscle in the wall of hollow organs smooth
heart muscle myocardium
conducts electrical impulses nervous tissue
in brain, spinal cord and nerves nervous tissue
longest cells in body, conduct impulses neurons
supporting nervous cells, do not conduct glial
short extension of nerve cell, receives impulse dendrite
long extension, sends impulse axon
Created by: DrCariWise



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