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Knee Ankle Foot

name the quadricep muscles rectus femoris, vastus medialis, vastus lateralis, vastus intermedius
vastus medialis origin, insertions (2) o: linea aspera of femur, medial line i: base of patella, tibial tuberosity via patellar tendon
vastus medialis action knee extension (leg)
vastus lateralis origin, insertions (2) o: linea aspera of femur, lateral line i: base of patella, tibial tuberosity via patellar tendon
vastus lateralis action knee extension (leg)
name the hamstring muscles biceps femoris,semitendinosus, semimembranosus
action of the hamstring muscles in relation to the knee/ankle/foot segment knee flexion (leg)
gastrocnemius origins (2), insertion o: lateral supracondylar ridge of the femur, medial supracondylar ridge of the femur i: calcaneus (achilles)
gastrocnemius actions knee flexion (leg), plantar flexion (ankle)
peroneus longus origins (2), insertions (2) o:head of fibula, superior 2/3 of fibula shaft, lateral surface i: lateral tuberosity of 1st metatarsal, medial (1st( cuneiform
peroneus longus actions (2) ankle eversion plantar flexion
tibialis anterior origins (3), insertions (2) o: lateral epicondyle of tibia, superior 1/2 of tibial shaft antero lateral surface, interosseus membrane i: medial cuneiform, base of 1st metatarsal
tibialis anterior actions dorsiflexion, ankle inversion
abductor hallucis origin, insertion o: calcaneus tuberosity, medial process (medial tubercle of calcaneus) i: base of proximal phalange 1, medial surface
abductor hallucis action hallux (big toe) abduction
flexor digitorum brevis origin, insertion o: calcaneus tuberosity, medial process (medial tubercle of calcaneus) i: medial phalanges 2 - 5 plantar surface
flexor digitorum brevis action toe flexion
abductor digiti minimi pedis origin, insertion o: calcaneus tuberosity, lateral process i: base of 5th proximal phalange, lateral surface
abductor digiti minimi pedis action lillte toe abduction
the functional unit of the knee is made up of what 3 bones femur, tibia, patella
movements allowed at the knee flexion, extension
name the ligaments of the knee medial and lateral collateral ligaments, anterior and posterior cruciate ligaments
collateral ligaments are located on each side of the knee, run parallel, and are stabilizing
cruciate ligaments extend from the head of the tibia to the femur. The ACL is lateral and the PCL is medial, criss-cross each other in opposite directions and prevent the femur from rolling off the tibia
cartillage of the knee meniscus
functions of the meniscus shock absorption, congruence (fit between femur and tibia)
the functional unit of the ankle is made up of what 3 bones tibia, fibula, talus
movements possible at the ankle dorsiflexion, plantarflexion, inversion, eversion
malleolus bony prominences of the ankle, formed by the fibula (lateral malleolus) and the tibia (medial malleolus)
mortise the cup shape formed by the distal ends of the tibia and fibula, creating a shape for the talus
interosseous membrane the stabilizing structure of fibrous tissue connecting the fibula and tibia
the foot is formed by what bones tarsals, metatarsals, phalanges
how many tarsals metatarsals and phalanges per foot 3 tarsals, 5 metatarsals, 14 phalanges
the 3 tarsal bones talus, calcaneus, cuneiform
talus bone of the ankle that articulates with the tibia and fibula to form the ankle joint, no muscle attaches directly on it
calcaneus forms the heel bone, takes up most of the posterior aspect of the foot
cuneiform 3 bones between the tarsals and metatarsals: lateral (3rd) cuneiform, intermedial (2nd) cuneiform, medial (1st) cuneiform
metatarsals 5 in each foot, numbered 1 to 5 from big toe (hallux or 1st metatarsal) to the pinky (5th metatarsal), have a base, shaft and head
phalanges 14 per foot, the big toe has two and all others have 3 - distal, medial, proximal
arches formed by tarsals and dome-shape of metatarsals under the foot, have a medial and lateral longitudinal arch, as well as a transversal arch, allows for better shock absorption and spring
the quadriceps all share the same ____ insertion, base of the patella and tibial tuberosity via the infrapatellar tendon
action of the quadriceps on the knee extension of the knee
the hamstrings all share the same ____ origin - ishial tuberosity of the coxal bone
action of the hamstrings on the knee knee flexion
the muscles of the foot all share the same ____ origin - calcaneus
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