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A&P Stack #1

A&P #1

What is the science that studies the structure or morphology of the body? Anatomy
What is the name of the science that studies how the body functions? Physiology
What s a form of microscopic anatomy? Histology
What science describes the structural and functional changes caused by disease? Pathology
What kind of affect *Increases circulation of venous blood and lymph, *Stretches muscle tissue, and *Loosens adhesions and scar tissue? Direct Affect
What kind of affect *Increases local circulation to muscle and organs, *Decreases blood pressure, and *Relaxes tense muscles? Indirect Affect
What effect does *Decreased heart rate and *Slower deeper breathing have? Reflex Effect
How is the body organized? From very simple to very complex.
What do tiny atoms form? Molecules
Larger molecules organize to form what? Cells
What do specialized groups of cells form? Tissues
Tissues are arranged into what? Organs
What is another name for organs? Viscera
Groups of organs create... Organ Systems
All the organ systems together form this? Human Organism
Arrange in order: Tissues, Atoms. Human Organism, Molecules, Cells, Organs, Organ Systems. Atoms, Molecules, Cells, Tissues, Organs, Organ Systems and Human Organism
What is an organ? A group of tissues arranged to accomplish a particular function.
What is an Organ System? A group of organs that help each other to perform a particular function.
How many major organ systems does the body have? 11
What is made up of skin, hair and nails? Integumentary System
What are the 3 functions of the Integumentary System? 1. Forms covering for the body, 2. Helps regulate body temperature, 3. Contain some of the structures necessary for sensations
What consists primarily of bones, joints and cartilage? Skeletal System
Name the two functions of the Skeletal Sysytem? 1. forms basic framework for the body and 2. protects and supports body organs.
What system consists of 3 types of muscle? Muscular System
Where do skeletal muscles attach and what is their function? They attach to bone and are responsible for movement of the skeleton.
What consists of the brain, spinal cord, nerves, and sense organs? Nervous System
What is the purpose of the Nervous System? Receive information from the outside and transport it to the brain.
What is the function of the Nervous System? To interpret and send messages to the appropriate organs.
What is made up of many glands? Endocine System
What is the function of the Endocrine System? The glands secrete hormones and chemicals that regulate body activities such as growth, reproduction and water balance.
What consists of heart and blood vessels? Circulatory System
What is the function of the Circulatory System? To pump and transport blood throughout the body.
What consists of lymph nodes, lymphatic vessels, lymph and lymph tissue? Lymphatic System
What is the function of the Lymphatic System? It plays a role in the body's defense against pathogen and other foreign material.
What consists of the lungs and other structures that help conduct air to and from the lungs? Respiratory System
What is the function of the Respiratory System? Moves oxygen into the lungs and moves carbon dioxide out.
What consists of the stomach, intestines, and accessory organs such as liver and gall bladder? Digestive System
What is the function of the Digestive System? It is designed to eat food, break it down into substances that can be absorbed by the body and eliminate waste.
What consists of the kidneys and other structures that help excrete waste products from the body? Urinary System
What is the function of the Urinary System? Excrete wastes which helps control the amount and composition of water and other substances in the body.
What consists of the organs and structures that enable the human organism to reproduce? Reproductive System
What means "staying the same" Homeostasis
What refers to the body's ability to maintain a stable internal environment in response to a changing external environment. Homeostasis
What are mechanisms that help to maintain homeostasis? Homeostatic Mechanisms
The body has hundreds of these to help control temperature, blood sugar, water balance and blood pressure. What are they? Homeostaic Mechanisms
What is the result when Homeostaitc Mechanisms do not work normally? Disease or Dysfunction
What is an abnormal, unhealthy state of all or part of the body? Disease
What is an observable indication of disease? A Sign
What is caused by disease and perceived by the patient? A Symptom
What is a psychologial or physical condition that causes tension or strain? Stress
Abdominal Belly
Antecubital Elbow
Axillary Armpit
Brachial Arm
Buccal Cheek
Cephalic Head
Cervical Neck
Cranial Head (top)
Digital Fingers or Toes
Femoral Thigh
Inguinal Groin
Oral Mouth
Orbital Eye
Patellar Kneecap
Pedal Foot
Pubic Genital
Sternal Chest
Umbilical Belly Button
Anterior Front
Caudal Tailbone
Deltoid Shoulder
Gluteal Butt
Lumbar Lower Back
Occipital Head (back)
Popliteal Back of knee
Scapular Shoulder Blades
Posterior Back
What is the body standing erect with the face forward, arms at the sides and toes and palms pointed forward? Anatomical Position
What describes the position of one body part in relation to another? Directional Terms
Superior Above
Inferior Below
What is one part above another part? Superior
What is towards the head? Superior
What is one part lower or below another part? Inferior
What is closer to the feet? Inferior
Anterior Front
Posterior Back
Medial Toward the midline of the body
Lateral Away from the midline of the body
Proximal Nearest
Distal Farthest
Proximal Nearest the trunk of the body or point of attachment
Distal Farthest away from the trunk or point of attachment
Superficial Nearer the surface of the body
Deep Farther away from the surface of the body
Central Located near the center
Peripheral Located away from the center of the body
Ventral Anterior
Dorsal Posterior
What divides the body? Planes
What are the 3 planes of the body? Sagittal, Frontal, and Transverse
Which plane divides the body lengthwise into right and left portions? Sagittal
What is the term used when the body is divided EXACTLY down the middle? Midsagittal
Which plane divides the body into anterior and posterior portions? Frontal
Which plane divides the body horizontally into superior and inferior portions? Transverse
Which plane is also known as the Coronal plane? Frontal
Which plane is also known as the "cross section"? Transverse
What are the two major cavities of the body? Dorsal and Ventral
Which cavity is located toward the back of the body and has 2 divisions? Dorsal
What are the two Dorsal Cavities? Cranial and Spinal
Which Dorsal Cavity is located in the skull? Cranial
Which Dorsal Cavity runs from the skull to the end of the vertebral column? Spinal
Which cavity is larger and is located toward the front and has 2 divisions? Ventral
What are the two divisions of the Ventral Cavity? Thoracic and Abdominopelvic Region
Which Ventral Cavity is surrounded by ribcage and seperated from the abdominopelvic cavity by the diaphragm? Thoracic
Which Ventral Cavity is located below the diaphragm? Abdominopelvic Region
What are the 4 quadrants of the Abdominopelvic Region? RUQ, LUQ, RLQ, LLQ
RUQ Right Upper Quadrant
LUQ Left Upper Quadrant
RLQ Right Lower Quadrant
LLQ Left Lower Quadrant
Created by: MTinPA
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