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All pathologies you need to know!

Acute Bronchitis Inflammation of the bronchial tree anywhere between the trachea and the bronchioles.
Anemia Symptom rather than a disease itself. It indicates a shortage of red blood cells, hemoglobin, or both.
Anorexia Nervosa The use of fasting, severely restricted eating. Self-starvation.
Asthma (COPD) The result of spasmodic constriction of bronchial smooth tubes in combination with chronic local inflammation and excessive mucous production.
Bell's Palsy Flaccid paralysis of one side of the face caused by inflammation/damage to the facial nerve.
Breast Cancer The growth of malignant tumor cells in breast tissue.
Bulimia Eating disorder where in normal or higher than normal calorie consumption followed by activities to prevent the absorption of those calories.
Bursitis Inflammation of the bursae when these fluid filled sacs are irritated.
Carpal Tunnel Syndrome Irritation of the median nerve as it passes under the carpal ligament into the wrist.
Chemical Dependency The use of substances (legal & illegal)in methods or doses that result in damage to the user.
Chronic Fatigue Syndrome Collection of signs/symptoms that affect many systems in the body and result in potentially debilitating fatigue.
Common Cold Viral infection from any of 200 known types of viruses.
Chrohn's Disease Progressive inflammatory condition of any part of the G.I tract.
Degenerative Disc Small tears of the annulus, along with decreased disc height and dehydration of the muscles. Annulus may press against nerve root of the spinal cord.
Depression Mood disorders that can result in persistent feelings of sadness, guilt, or hopelessness.
Diabetes Mellitus A group of metabolic disorders characterized by disturbances in glucose metabolism.
Dislocation Injuries to joints in which the articulating bones are forcefully seperated.
Edema Retention of interstitial fluid because of electrolyte or protein balances; Or from mechanical obstruction in the circulatory/lymphatic systems.
Thrombus, Embolism Stationary clots/Clots that travel through the circulatory system.
Endometriosis The implantation and growth of endometrial cells in the peritoneal cavity that grow and then decay with the menstrual cycle.
Fatigue Exhaustion due to low oxygen levels in the muscles. Low stamina.
Fibromyalgia A group of signs/symptoms that include chronic pain in muscles, tendons, ligaments, and other soft tissues.
Fractures Any kind of broken/cracked bone; From hairline crack to a complete break in bone.
Frozen Shoulder A client gradually loses the ability to move the arm at the shoulder.
Gout Inflammatory arthritis caused by deposits of sodium urate(sodium acid) in and around joints.
Headaches Pain in head caused by muscular tension, vascular spasm, and chemical imbalances.
Hernia Hole or rip through which the abdominal contents may protrude.
Herniated Disc (Disc Disease) When nucleus pulposus may protrude into vertebral canal, compressing spinal nerve roots/or spinal cord itself. (Impingement)
HIV/AIDS Disease in which a virus disables the immune system leaving a person vulnerable to a host of diseases that are usually not a threat to people.
Hypertension Technical term for high blood pressure. Anything over 140 Systolic/90 Diastolic.
Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS) A collection of signs/symptoms that include functional problems with the digestive system; especially the colon.
Low Back Pain Physical or mental suffering/stress arising from injury/illness in the lumbar region/area of the back.
Lupus Autoimmune rheumatic disease in which your immune system attacks its own cells and tissues.
Lymphoma A variety of cancer that grows in Lymph tissue.
Multiple Sclerosis (MS) Autoimmune disease that affects the brain, spinal cord, and central nervous system.
Muscular Dystrophy Group of related inherited disorders characterized by degeneration and wasting of muscle tissue.
Myofascial Pain Syndrome Collection of signs/symptoms associated with the development of myofascial trigger points in muscles.
Myositis Ossificans Muscle inflammation with bone formation/or bony deposits in soft tissue.
Osteoarthritis Joint inflammation brought about by wear/tear causing cumulative damage to articular cartilage.
Osteoporosis "Porous bones". In this condition calcium is pulled off the bones faster than it is replaced, leaving them thin, brittle, and prone to injury.
Patellofemoral Syndrome A condition in which the patellar cartilage becomes irritated as it contacts the femoral cartilage.
Pelvic Inflammatory Disease (PID) Umbrella term for an infection anywhere in the upper reproductive tract of women.
Peripheral Neuropathy Peripheral nerves are damaged through lack of circulation, chemical imbalance, trauma; Or exposure to pathogens or toxic substances.
Plantar Fasciitis Degeneration of collagen at the plantar fascia causing pain.
Post Polio Syndrome A progressive muscular weakness that develops 10-40 years after an initial infection with the Polio virus.
Postoperative Situations Deciding when to massage a client after surgery. Depends on what surgery was for, where incision is, and how large/deep it is.
Postural Deviations Overdeveloped Thoracic or Lumbar curves(hyperkyphosis/hyperlordosis) or a lateral curve in the spine.
Pregnancy The condition in which a woman carries a fetus.
Raynaud's Syndrome Defined by episodes of vasospasm of the arterioles in fingers, toes,nose, ears, and lips. Usually cold to the touch.
Rheumatoid Arthritis Autoimmune disease in which immune system attacks synovial membranes;usually in joints of the hands & feet.
Sciatica Syndrome involving motor and/or sensory deficits along the course of the sciatic nerve.
Scoliosis A postural deviation where there is a lateral curve in the spine. S, C, or Reverse C curve.
Seizure Disorders Epilepsy; Any condition that causes seizures.
Shin Splints Lower leg injuries including compartment syndromes, muscle tears, hairline fractures usually brought on by overuse or misalignment at the ankle.
Sinusitis Inflammation of the paranasal sinuses from allergies, infection, or physical obstruction.
Skin Cancer Uncontrolled replication of cells forming tumors. Four classes include benign, malignant, metastasis,and carcinogen.
Sleep Disorders Insomnia, sleep apnea, restless leg syndrome, circadian rhythm disruption all make it difficult to sleep or wake up feeling refreshed.
Sprains Tears to ligaments. Injuries can range from a few traumatized fibers to a complete rupture.
Strains Torn muscle fibers.
Stroke Damage to brain tissue caused by a blockage in blood flow, or by an internal hemorrhage causing oxygen deprivation.
Temporomandibular Joint Disorder (TMJ) Any problem that causes pain/loss of function at the TMJ.
Tendinitis Inflammation of a tendon.
Thoracic Outlet Syndrome Collection of signs/symptoms brought about by occlusion of nerve and blood supply to the arm.
Thrombophlebitis, Deep Vein Thrombosis Veins obstructed by blood clots. (Occlusion)
Thyroid Disease (Graves Disease) Hyperthyroidism, Hypothyoidism; When Thyroid gland produces either too much, or too little of the hormones that stimulate the conversion of fuel to energy.
Torticollis (wryneck) A unilateral spasm of the neck muscles. (stiff-neck)
Urinary Tract Infection An infection caused by bacteria anywhere in the lower urinary systems; Primarily lower urinary tract, urethra, and the bladder.
Varicose Veins Distended veins, usually in the legs, caused by venous insufficiency and retrograde flow of blood that should be moving against gravity.
Whiplash An umbrella term referring to a series of injuries that may occur with sudden cervical acceleration and deceleration.
Created by: Kaleta
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