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Southeastern SA TG 6

Southeastern Institute SA Trail Guide Chapter 6

All lateral hip rotators have this common insertion Greater trochanter
This muscle can entrap the sciatic nerve Piriformis
O - anterior sacrum I - greater trochanter Piriformis
This is the largest nerve of the body, and it can be entrapped by piriformis Sciatic
The coccyx, PSIS, and greater trochanter are bony landmarks to help isolate... Piriformis
“Sits” bones” Ischial tuberosity
Longest, heaviest bone of the body Femur
The pubis, ilium, and ischium form what bone? Hip
Long superior edge of the ilium Iliac Crest
What kind of joint is the hip joint? Ball and Socket
Large superficial bony mass located on the side of the hip Greater Trochanter
Large triangular bone at the inferior end of the vertebral column Sacrum
Tail bone Coccyx
The junction between the sacrum and the ilium Sacroiliac Joint
Four large muscles found on the anterior thigh Quadriceps femoris
All the quadriceps femoris muscles perform this action when they shorten Knee extension
This quadriceps femoris muscle can help flex the hip Rectus femoris
All of the quadriceps femoris muscles insert on this bony landmark Tibial tuberosity
This sesamoid bone can be found in the tendon of the quadriceps femoris group of muscles Patella
O - anterior inferior iliac spine (AIIS) I - tibial tuberosity Rectus femoris
O - lateral lip of the linea aspera I - tibial tuberosity Vastus lateralis
This muscle can laterally displace the patella Vastus lateralis
O - medial lip of the linea aspera I - tibial tuberosity Vastus medialis
This muscle can medially displace the patella Vastus medialis
O - anterior shaft of the femur I - tibial tuberosity Vastus intermedius
How many joints does rectus femoris cross? 2
What is the most superficial gluteal muscle? Gluteus maximus
What is the deepest gluteal muscle? Gluteus minimus
O - coccyx, sacrum, posterior iliac crest and sacrotuberous ligament I - gluteal tuberosity and iliotibial band (tract) Gluteus maximus
What muscle extends, laterally rotates and abducts the hip? Gluteus maximus
O - gluteal surface of ilium between the iliac crest/ posterior & anterior gluteal lines I - greater trochanter Gluteus medius
O - gluteal surface of the ilium between the anterior and inferior gluteal lines I - anterior greater trochanter Gluteus minimus
Which gluteal muscle can abduct the hip and medially or laterally rotate the hip? Gluteus medius
What gluteal muscle can abduct, medially rotate or help flex the hip? Gluteus minimus
What muscle lies deep to the iliotibial tract? Vastus lateralis
O - iliac crest, posterior to the ASIS I - iliotibial tract Tensor fasciae latae (TFL)
This muscle flexes, medially rotates and abducts the hip. It also inserts into the iliotibial tract. Tensor fasciae latae (TFL)
Superficial sheet of fascia with vertical fibers that run along the lateral thigh Iliotibial band
O - anterior superior iliac spine I - proximal medial shaft of the tibia at the pes anserinus Sartorius
This muscle can flex, laterally rotate, abduct the hip and flex the knee and medially rotate the knee when flexed Sartorius
This is the longest muscle of the body Sartorius
How many deep lateral hip rotators are there? 6
Quadratus femoris, Obturatus internus, Obturator externus, Gemellus superior, & Gemellus inferior are muscles of this group... Lateral hip rotators
Quadratus femoris, Obturatus internus, Obturator externus, Gemellus superior, & Gemellus inferior all perform what action on the hip when shortened? Lateral rotation
All muscles in this group adduct and medially rotate the hip Adductors
O - pubis to ischial tuberosity I - linea aspera to adductor tubercle Adductor magnus
Only adductor that will extend the hip Adductor magnus
O - pubic tubercle I - medial lip of linea aspera Adductor longus
How many adductor muscles are there? 5
O – pubis I - pes anserinus / proximal medial shaft of the tibia Gracilis
Only adductor to cross tibiofemoral joint Gracilis
The tibiofemoral joint is commonly known at the... Knee
This is the only adductor to flex the knee Gracilis
All adductors have a common origin at the... Pubis
The bony landmarks of the pelvis (superior & inferior rami of the pubis, pubic tubercle & ischial tuberosity) will help you access the origins of this muscle group Adductors
Psoas major and iliacus are called Iliopsoas
O - transverse processes of the lumbar vertebrae I - lesser trochanter Psoas major
O - iliac fossa I - lesser trochanter Iliacus
Psoas major and iliacus have the primary action of Hip flexion
The inguinal ligament, sartorius and adductor longus form the... Femoral triangle
Superficial band stretching between the ASIS and the pubis Inguinal ligament
The femoral artery, nerve and vein form a neurovascular bundle that goes through the... Femoral triangle
Distal to the inguinal ligament, these feel like small bumps Inguinal lymph nodes
Ligaments, tendons, fasciae and retinacula are all forms of what kind of tissue Connective
Another name for the coxal joint is? Hip
The two dimples at the small of the back can help identify what bony landmark. PSIS
Most posterior adductor Adductor magnus
The ASIS and PSIS can be found on each end of this bony landmark. Iliac crest
All of the hamstrings originate from this bony landmark. Ischium
O - ischial tuberosity & linea aspera I - head of fibula Biceps femoris
O - ischial tuberosity I - proximal, medial tibia at pes anserinus Semitendinosus
O - ischial tuberosity I - posterior medial tibia Semimembranosus
This group of muscles extend the hip and flex the knee Hamstrings
This is the only adductor muscle to help with knee flexion Gracilis
Prime mover or agonist for hip flexion Iliopsoas
If you are palpating between the naval and the ASIS, follow your clients exhalation you will feel what muscle? Psoas major
If you curl your fingers around the anterior portion of the iliac fossa, you will palpate what muscle? Iliacus
Created by: cmcracken
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