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ST Mid Term

Spec Topic

What are the 4 types of catheters? *OTN *TTN *Butterfly *single/multi lumen
Name the 3 primary locations for catheter placement Jugular,cephalic, saphenous
Fluids maintain ______ during sx blood pressure
What is the CPR success rate? 20%
Butterfly catheters are only used to collect ___ volumes of blood. Small
What is the most common reason for placing a urinary catheter? FLUTD
What 2 substances will you use to prep a cath site and in what order? scrub(chlorhexadine) then alcohol
How many times do you go over a cath site with each substance? a minimum of three times
What size clipper blade do you use for cath sites? #40 blade
What do you use to flush catheters to ensure patency? Heperin/saline solution
What is the formula for Hep/saline solution? 1unit heperin - 1unit 0.9% NACL
How many times do you flush a catheter when placing and why? 2 times *1st prior to insertion(ensure it's not defective) *2nd after insertion(ensure placement)
At what location do you start to place a catheter?: Start distal(above bifurcation and move proximal)
How often should you flush a catheter for maintenance? *q 4-6 hrs if not on fluids *q 8-12 if on fluids
how long can you leave an OTN cath in place? no more than 3 days
True or False: you should flush a catheter before every injection? True
What should you apply to the skin after you pull a jugular catheter?: AB ointment
How long should you leave a pressure wrap on after removing a catheter? no more than 1 hour
Def: Crystalloid: fluids (normasol, 0.9% NACL, dextrose)
Def: Colliod a solution in which small particles are present, ie: Blood
Def: TPN Total parenteral nutrition
Def: CVP Central venous pressure
How many attempts can you try at placing a catheter before passing to another person? 2
What type of catheter is placed temporarily? butterfly
Blood sample should be collected from patients at least ___ hrs postprandial 2
After collecting a sample, your blood smears should be made how soon? Immediately
Serum should be removed from contact with cells within ___ mins 30-45 min
If the sample will not be evaluated within __ hrs, them plasma/serum should be poured off and refrigerated 4-6
Blood smear should be stored at what temperature? Room temp
True or false: you can freeze whole blood samples. False , it causes hemolysis
After drawing your samples, you should invert the tube how many times? 6-10
Venipuncture is preformed with what 2 items/things? Needle and syringe or Vacutainer system
What is the most common needle gauge used for venipuncture? 22g
What are the 2 most important aspects of venipunture technique? proper restraint and immobilization of the vessel
In what region are jugular venipunctures preformed? Caudal region
If your first BD attempt fails, what direction would you try for another? Cranial (above the prior site)
How long do you apply digital pressure to a puncture site? at least 30 sec
What 3 techniques are used to collect a capillary sample? quicking a nail, lancing the buccal mucosa or nicking the pinna of the ear (most common)
What is used to nick the ear vein to gather a sample? Lancet or 25g needle
You must __ the ear before lancing it and them ___ it to collect the sample: warm, milk/massage
True or false: Blood gases are taken when a patient is awake False, patients are anesthetized
True or false: Arterial blood is brighter red than veinous blood True
The preferred restraint method for arterial puncture is ___________. Lateral recumbency
How long should you apply pressure to the medial saphenous after venipuncture? 1 min
What is the finger of choice for occluding the jugular vein? Thumb
What section of the jugular do you start at for blood draws? caudal 3rd
What artery is generally used to to collect acid base and blood gases? Femoral artery
True or false: Blood glucose test can be altered by stress True
In an emergency situation, what site would you ideally draw blood from? Jugular
True or false. IV drugs are usually given quickly False (Slowly)
when occluding a vein you should always grasp and roll in which direction? Laterally (Outwards)
Define septicemia: Blood infection
What is the most common tourniquet used? NYE or penrose
What size needle is used for ID injections? 25g or 27g
What do blood chemistries evaluate? Various blood levels
Collecting enough samples to run for 3 tests also allows for what 3 things to occur? -Dilution -Machine error -Technician error
What anticoagulant binds with lead? Heparin
What anticoagulant does not alter cell morphology? EDTA
Isopropryl alcohol does what 3 things when used for venipuncture? 1-Removes contaminants 2-Improves vein visualization 3-Vasodilation
Where should pressure be applied when discussing jugular venipuncture? thoracic inlet/jugular furrow
What collection site mainly used for RBC parasites and at home glucose testing? Marginal ear
What do blood gases measure? partial pressure of O2 and CO2 in the blood
What size needle is placed for arterial catheterization? 20-22g
What are the 2 most commonly used veins used for blood gas analysis? femoral artery and dorsal metatarsal
If an animal is stressed what 2 things could alter blood results? cortisol and glucose
What 2 samples should be obtained before any treatment? urine and blood
True or false. During venipuncture, the site is held off for the entire time True
True or false. An artery needs to be occluded when collecting a sample False
True or false. Arterial blood has a lower pressure than venous False
IM route is appropriate for injections of ____ volume Small
Vaccines are typically given ___ Subcutaneous
True or False: SQ injections are absorbed slower in obese patients: True
Name the non-parenteral routes of drug administration Oral, Sublingual, Feeding tube, Topical, Transdermal, Intranasal, Inhalation, Rectal, A ural, Ear, Eye
What are the 2 types of inhalation routes? Nebulized and volatilized
What is meant by giving an injection in a bolus amount? Giving a very large amount over a short period of time.
True or false. Some drugs can cause different effects depending on how it is adminstered True
Why might a medication not be given orally? It is easily destroyed by stomach acid.
What degree of angle are IMs given? 90
What degree of angle are SQs given? 45
What degree of angle are IVs given? 25
What degree of angle are IDs given? 10-15
What are the 3 layers of the skin? Epidermis, Dermis and Subcutaneous (Hypodermis)
What layer of the skin has very thick layers but no blood vessels? Epidermis
What layer of skin is composed of blood vessels and other accessory organs of the skin? Dermis
What layer of the skin is composed of fat and connective tissue? Subcutaneous (Hypodermis)
Alcohol soaked cotton balls are used only during _________________. Venipuncture
What substance removes the blood on an animal coat after taking blood? Hydrogen peroxide
Tuberculin is the same as a _____________ syringe 1cc
What size needle comes with a green cap? 18g
What size needle comes with a pink cap? 20g
What size needle comes with a blue cap? 22g
What size needle comes with a red cap? 25g
What is the most commonly used needle? 22g
What size needle is used for ID injections? 25g or 27g
Parenteral refers to be admistered with the use of what? Needle and Syringe
What are the parenteral routes of administration? ID,SQ,IM,IV,Interosseous, Intraperitoneal, Intra-arterial, Epidural, Intracardiac and intramammary
An epidural is given where? In the spine
An intraosseous injection is given where? In the bone
What type of anesthics are given ID? Local
Skin must be shaved with a #______ clipper blade prior to an allergy skin test. 40
How much should be injected per time and per site via ID? 0.1cc
What is the most easily and frequently performed type of injection? SQ
What is the most common route for vaccine administration? SQ
Where should injections never be given on cats? Intrascapular
Where are insulin injections usually given? Dorsolaterally
After an injection what should be done briefly to properly distribute the drug? Massage
What is the most painful type of injection discussed in class? IM
What particular muscles should never be used for IM injections? Neck muscles
Where is the sciatic nerve located? Lateral aspect of the back leg.
Where are IM injections administered lumbosacrally? Semi muscles of the rear leg
Where is heartworm treatment injected? 3rd-5th lumbar
The triceps are used in IM injections sometimes but primary in what type of animals? Large
True or false. Immiticide injections are massaged. False
Where are the 2 most common sites of IV injections on a canine? Cephalic vein and lateral saphenous vein
Where are the 3 most common sites of IV injections on a feline? Cephalic vein, medial saphenous and femoral vein
The jugular vein is used to admister injections in animals only if an _________________ is in place IV catheter
True or false. IV drugs are usually given quickly. False (Slowly)
True or false: IV catheter sites are Sterile? False (aseptic)
Arterial blood gases are obtained with ____ OTN catheter
Created by: brit_2112



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