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VET 1055 CH 9

A Breath of Fresh Air

body system that brings oxygen from the body for delivery via the blood to the cells respiratory system
diffusion of gases between the atmosphere and the cells of the body respiration
intake of fresh air ventilation
consists of nose, mouth, pharynx, epiglottis, larynx upper respiratory tract
consists of trachea, bronchial tree, and lungs lower respiratory tract
nas/o, rhin/o combining forms for nose
paired external openings of the respiratory tract nostrils, nares
warm blooded animals endotherms
warm, humidify, and filter inspired air nasal turbinates
tube that passes through the nose down to the stomach nasogastric tube
rostral part of the nostrils and nasal cavity vestibular
sept/o combining form meaning partition
slimelike substance that is composed of glandular secretions, salts, cells, and leukocytes mucus
responsible for the sense of smell olfactory receptors
lymphatic tissue that protects the nasal cavity and upper throat tonsils
air-filled or fluid-filled space sinus
what are the sinuses frontal, maxillary, sphenoid, palatine, lacrimal, conchal
throat pharynx
portion of throat posterior to the nasal cavity and above the soft palate nasopharynx
portion of throat between the soft palate and the epiglottis oropharynx
portion of throat below the epiglottis that opens into the voice box and esophagus laryngopharynx
acts like a lid and covers the larynx during swallowing epiglottis
voice box, located between pharynx and trachea larynx
space between vocal cords glottis
windpipe trachea
branches from trachea bronchi
air sacs in which most of the gas exchange occurs alveoli
liquid that prevents the collapse of the alveoli during expiration surfactant
main organ of respiration lung
functional elements of an organ, as opposed to framework parenchyma
framework of an organ stroma
region between the lungs mediastinum
membrane sac encasing each lung pleura
outer layer of membrane lining the inner wall of the thoracic cavity parietal pleura
inner layer of the membrane lining the outside of the lung visceral pleura
potential space between the parietal and visceral pleura pleural space
separates the thoracic and peritoneal cavities diaphragm
abnormal displacement of organs through the muscle separating the chest and the abdomen diaphragmatic hernia
drawing in a breath inhalation/inspiration
release of breath exhalation/expiration
absence of breathing apnea
difficult of labored breathing dyspnea
abnormally slow respiratory rates bradypnea
abnormally rapid respiratory rates tachypnea
abnormal increase in rate and depth of respiration hyperpnea
abnormally slow or shallow respiration hypopnea
abnormally rapid deep breathing hyperventilation
respiration near death or during extreme suffering agonal breathing
inadequate supply of oxygen to tissue despite an adequate blood supply hypoxia
refers to excessive amounts of carbon dioxide in the blood hypercapnia
decrease in carbon dioxide levels in blood hypocapnia
excessive amount of co2 in blood due to decreased ventilation can lower the pH of blood respiratory acidosis
co2 levels are abnormally low due to increased ventilation respiratory alkalosis
sounds of popping bubbles that suggests fluid accumulation bubbling
fine or coarse interrupted crackling noises coming from collapsed or fluid-filled alveoli during inspiration crepitation or rales
less or no sound of air movement suggesting consolidation of lung tissue decreased lung sounds
number or respiration per minute respiratory rate
abnormal, continuous, musical, high-pitched whistling sounds heard during inspiration rhonchi, wheezes
snoring, squeaking, or whistling that suggests airway narrowing stridor
sound resulting from air passing through small bronchi and alveoli vesicular sounds
amount of air exchanged during normal respiration (air inhaled and exhaled in one breath) tidal volume
amount of air inspired over the total volume inspiratory reserve volume or complemental air
amount of air expired over the total volume expiratory reserve volume or supplemental air
air remaining in the lungs after a forced expiration residual volume
air in the pathway of the respiratory system dead space
amount of air left in alveoli after the lung collapses minimal volume
largest amount of air that can be moved in the lung vital capacity
collection of fluid or mucus from the bronchi and/ or alveoli via an endoscope or endotracheal tube bronchoalveolar lavage
visual exam of the bronchus bronchoscopy
visual exam of the voice box laryngoscopy
diagnostic procedure used to determine density in which sound is produced by tapping various body surfaces with a finger or an instrument percussion
thick mucus secreted by the respiratory lining phlegm
image of internal structures created by exposure of sensitized film to X-rays radiography
instrument used to measure air taken in and out of the lungs spirometer
puncture of the chest wall with a needle to obtain fluid from the pleural cavity thoracocentesis
collection of fluid or mucus from the trachea via an endotracheal tube to assess respiratory disease tracheal wash
sterile collection of fluid or mucus from the trachea via a catheter inserted through the skin into the trachea to assess respiratory disease transtracheal wash
insertion of a hole-boring instrument into a sinus to establish fluid drainage or to allow access to the roots of the teeth trephination
absence of oxygen anoxia
interruption of breathing resulting in lack of oxygen (suffication) asphyxiation
inhalation of a foreign substance into the upper respiratory tract aspiration
chronic allergic disorder asthma
incomplete expansion of the alveoli; collapse of a lung atelectasis
dilation of the bronchi bronchiectasis
inflammation of bronchi bronchitis
abnormal condition of the bronchi and lung bronchopneumonia
general term for abnormal conditions in equine in which expiratory flow is slowed; heaves; COPD chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
abnormal opening in the diaphragm that allows part of the abdominal organs to migrate into the chest cavity diaphragmatic hernia
chronic lung disease caused by enlargement of the alveoli or changes in the alveolar wall emphysema
nosebleed epistaxis
roaring equine laryngeal hemiplegia
spitting of blood from the lower respiratory tract hemoptysis
accumulation of blood in the chest cavity hemothorax
inflammation of the voice box laryngitis
paralysis of the voice box laryngoplegia
sudden fluttering or closure of the voice box laryngospasm
inflammation of the throat pharyngitis
act of producing sound phonation
inability to produce sound aphonation
abnormal accumulation of fluid in the pleural space pleural effusion
inflammation of the pleura pleurisy; pleuritis
abnormal condition of the pleura and the lung pleuropneumonia
abnormal condition of the lung that usually involves inflammation and congestion of the lung pneumonia
abnormal accumulation of fluid congestion
abnormal accumulation of air or gas in the chest cavity pneumothorax
growth or mass protruding from a mucous membrane; usually benign polyp
accumulation of fluid in the lung tissue pulmonary edema
abnormal formation of fibers in the alveolar walls pulmonary fibrosis
accumulation of pus in the chest cavity pyothorax
inflammation of the nasal mucous membranes rhinitis
inflammation of the nasal mucous membranes and lungs rhinopneumonitis
nasal discharge rhinorrhea
inflammation of the sinus sinusitis
common term for upper respiratory disease in rabbits snuffles
narrowed nostrils that reduce airway flow stenotic nares
inflammation of the windpipe tracheitis
inflammation fo the trachea and bronchi tracheobronchitis
invasion of the nose, mouth, pharynx, epiglottis, or larynx (or trachea) by pathogenic organisms URI Upper Respiratory Infection
passage of a tube through the oral cavity, pharynx, and larynx into the windpipe endotracheal intubation
surgical removal of the voice box laryngectomy
surgical repair of the voice box laryngoplasty
surgical removal of a lobe lobectomy
surgical repair of the throat pharyngoplasty
surgical creation of an opening into the throat pharyngostomy
surgical incision into the throat pharyngotomy
surgical removal of all or part of the pleura pleurectomy
surgical removal of lung tissue pneumonectomy
surgical incision into a sinus sinusotomy
surgical incision into the chest wall thoracotomy
surgical repair of the windpipe tracheoplasty
surgical creation of an opening into the windpipe (usually involves insertion and placement of a tube tracheostomy
surgical incision into the windpipe tracheotomy
Created by: maiken



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