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Vet 1055 CH 15

Feed and Protect Me

QuestionAnswer
supplies body tissues with oxygen, nutrients, and various chemicals blood
combining corms for blood hem/o, hemat/o
formation of blood hematopoiesis
substance that prevents clotting of blood anticoagulant
EDTA and heperin types of anticoagulants found in blood tubes
process of clotting coagulation
layer that appears at the interface of the erythrocytes and plasma buffy coat
liquid portion of blood with clotting proteins removed serum
straw-colored fluid portion of blood that transports nutrients, hormones, and waste products plasma
fibrinogen, prothrombin, albumin clotting proteins found in plasma
mature red blood cell, RBC erythrocyte
blood protein that transports oxygen hemoglobin
immature, non-nucleated erythrocyte characterized by polychromasia or a meshlike pattern of threads reticulocyte
large cell that destroys by eating macrophage
leukocyte that ingests foreign material phagocyte
study of blood hematology
study of form of cells morphology
white blood cell leukocyte
production of white blood cells Leukocytopoiesis, leukopoiesis
cell that contains prominent grainlike structures in its cytoplasm granulocyte
cell that does not contain prominent grainlike structures in its cytoplasm agranulocyte
normal cell size normocytic
larger than normal cell size macrocytic
smaller than normal cell size microcytic
condition of irregular cells, clinically means varied shapes of erythrocytes poikilocytosis
condition of unequal cell size; excessive variation in RBC size anisocytosis
normal RBC color normochromic
less than normal color hypochromic
more than normal color hyperchromic
"condition of many colors" polychromasia
RBCs that are arranged like stacks of coins on the peripheral blood smear rouleaux
clumping of RBCs due to the presence of an antibody directed against RBC surface antigens that forms a latticework that links them together agglutination
class of "agranulocytic" leukocyte that contains a diverse set of cells including those that can directly attack specific pathogens or produce antibodies lymphocyte
class of "agranulocytic" leukocyte that has a phagocytic function and participates in inflammatory response monocyte
class of granulocytic leukocyte that has a phagocytic function(mainly against bacteria) neutrophil
class of granulocytic leukocyte that detoxifies allergens and controls parasitic infections by damaging parasite membranes eosinophil
class of granulocytic leukocyte that promotes the inflammatory response and contains histamine in its cytoplasmic granules basophil
immature polymorphonuclear leukocyte band cell
stained readily with basic, or blue dyes basophilic
stained readily with acidic or pink dyes eosinophilic
nucleated clotting cell thrombocyte
anucleated clotting cell platelet
large, nucleated cell found in bone marrow from which platelets are formed megakaryocyte
blood specimin for microscopic examination in which blood is spread thinly across a microscope slide and typically stained blood smear
sample of bone marrow obtained by needle aspiration for examination of cells bone marrow biopsy
blood condition of less than normal levels of RBCs and/or hemoglobin anemia
deficiency in the number of basophils in the blood basopenia
elevation of the number of basophils in the blood basophilia
any abnormal condition of the blood dyscrasia
accumulation of fluid in the intercellular space edema
deficiency of the number of eosinophils in the blood eosinopenia
elevation in the number of eosinophils in the blood eosinophilia
abnormal increase of RBCs erythrocytosis
material that has escaped from blood vessels and is high in protein, cells, or solid materials derived from cells exudate
removing and destroying red blood cells hemolytic
hereditary condition of deficient blood coagulation hemophilia
loss of blood hemorrhage
blood condition of abnormally high albumin levels hyperalbuminemia
excess blood in a part; engorgement hyperemia
serum that has yellow pigmentation that is suggestive of hyperbilirubinemia icteric serum
blood condition of abnormally high fat levels; more accurately means abnormally high fat levels caused by fat metabolism hyperlipidemia
common term for an alteration in the distribution of leukocytes in which there are increases in band, usually in response to bacterial infection left shift
elevation in the number of malignant white blood cells. leukemia
elevation in the number of white blood cells leukocytosis
deficiency of white blood cells leukopenia
excessive amount of fats in the blood lipemia
fats from blood that have settled in the serum lipemic serum
elevated numbers of lymphocytes in blood lymphocytosis
deficiency of monocytes in the blood monocytopenia
elevated numbers of monocytes in the blood monocytosis
hematologic disorder characterized clinically and morphologically by ineffective hematopoiesis that results in some form of cytopenia such as anemia, neutropenia, and or thrombocytopenia myelodysplasia
deficiency in number of neutrophils in blood neutropenia
elevation in the number of neutrophils in blood neutrophilia
deficiency of all types of blood cells pancytopenia
condition of engulfing cells phagocytosis
condition of many cells polycythemia
blood condition in which pathogenic microorganisms(bacteria) and their toxins are present septicemia
abnormal decrease in the number of clotting cells thrombocytopenia
material that has passed through a membrane and is high in fluidity and low in protein, cells, or solid materials derived from cells transudate
pertains to lymph or tissue of the lymphatic system lymphoid
clear, colorless tissue fluid that leaves the capillaries and flows in spaces between the cells of a tissue or an organ interstitial fluid
formed when interstitial fluid moves into capillaries of the lymphatic system lymph
thin-walled tubes that carry lymph from the tissue space lymph capillaries
prevent the backflow of lymph lymphatic vessels
origin of the thoracic duct and saclike structure for the lymph collection cisterna chyli
specialized lymph vessels that transport fats and fat-soluble vitamins lacteals
small bean-shaped structures that filter lymph and store T and B thrombocytes lymph nodes
masses of lymphatic tissue that protect the nose and cranial throat tonsils
organ located in the cranial abdomen that filters foreign material from the blood, stores red blood cells, and maintains an appropriate balance of cells and plasma in the blood spleen
gland that has an immunologic function and is found predominantly in young animals thymus
produced and mature in the bone marrow and are responsible for antibody-mediated or humoral immunity B lymphocytes
immune cell that produces and secretes a specific antibody for a specific antigen plasma cellss
antibodies made by plasma cells immunoglobulins
small, circulating lymphocytes produced in the bone marrow T lymphocytes
large macrophages found in loose connective tissue histiocytes
resistance to a specific disease by the passing of protection from mother to offspring naturally acquired passive immunity
resistance to a specific disease after the development of antibodies during the actual disease naturally acquired active immunity
resistance to a specific disease by receiving antiserum containing antibodies from another host artificially acquired passive immunity
resistance to a specific disease through vaccination artificially acquired active immunity
overreaction by the body to a particular antigen allergy
severe response to a foreign substance anaphylaxis
disorder in which the body makes antibodies directed against itself autoimmune disease
reduction or decrease in the state of resistance to disease immunosuppression
inflammation of the lymph nodes lymphadenitis
disease of the lymph nodes lymphadenopathy
abnormal collection of lymphatic vessels forming a mass (usually benign) lymphangioma
enlargement of spleen splenomegaly
inflammation of the tonsils tonsillitis
surgical removal of the spleen splenectomy
surgical removal of the thymus thymectomy
surgical removal of the tonsils tonsillectomy
invasion by the pathogenic growth to a point distant from the primary disease site metastasize
records of ionizing radiation used to visualize internal body structures radiographs
collections of cells on a glass slide pressed against a part of the mass touch preps
malignant growth of epithelial glandular tissue adenocarcinoma
neoplasm composed of immature undifferentiated cells blastoma
benign neoplasm composed of newly formed blood vessels hemangioma
malignant tumor of the vascular tissue hemangiosarcoma
general term for neoplasm composed of lymphoid tissue lymphoma
malignant growth of tissue mast cells mast cell tumor (MCT)
neoplasm composed of melanin-pigmented cells melanoma
malignant neoplasm composed of bone marrow myeloma
malignant neoplasm composed of bone osteosarcoma
malignant tumor developed from squamous epithelial tissue, SCC squamous cell carcinoma
treatment of neoplasm through the use of chemicals chemotherapy
surgical removal of a lymph node lymphadenectomy
treatment of neoplasm through the use of X-rays radiation therapy
removal of the entire mass in addition to some normal tissue to ensure that the entire mass is removed surgical excision
Created by: maiken