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VET 1055 Ch 12

1+1=3 or more

Reproductive System Responsible for producing offspring
theriogenology used to describe animal reproduction or the study of producing beasts
theri/o combining form for beast
-logy suffix meaning to study
genitals/genitalia reproductive organs, whether male or female
genit/o refers to the organs of reproduction
scrotum or scrotal sac external pouch that encloses and supports the testes
scrot/o refers to scrotum
perineum area between the scrotum and the anus in males
perine/o combining form for the area between the scrotom and anus
testes or testicles male sex glands that produce spermatozoa
testis refers to a single sex gland that produces spermatozoa
gonads sex glands
orch/o or orchi/o or orchid/o or testicul/o combining forms for testes
sperm or spermatozoa male gametes (sex cells)
spermatozoon one gamete
sperm/o or spermat/o combining forms for spermatozoa
spermatogenesis production of male gametes
epididymis tube at the upper part of each testis that secretes part of the semen, stores semen before ejaculation, an provides a passageway for sperm
motile capable of spontaneous motion
epididym/o combining form for epididymis
ductus deferens tube connected to the epididymis that carries sperm into the pelvic region toward the urethra
seminal vesicles or vesicular glands two glands that open into the ductus deferens where it joins the urethra
semen ejaculatory fluid that contains sperm and the secretions of the accessory sex glands
semin/i combining form for semen
ejaculatory duct formed by the union of the ductus deferens and the duct from the seminal vesicles
prostate gland single gland that surrounds or is near the urethra and may be well defined or diffuse depending on the species
protat/o combining form for prostate
bulbourethra glands two glands located on either side of the urethra
urethra a tube passing through the penis to the outside of the body, serves both reproductive and urinary systems
urethr/o combining form for urethra
penis male sex organ that carries reproductive and urinary products out of the body
prepuce the retractable fold of skin covering the glans penis
os penis bone encased in the penile tissue
pen/i and priap/o combining form for penis
ovaries small pair of organs located in the caudal abdomen. female gonads that produce estrogen
graafian follicles small sacs in the ovaries
ovari/o an oophor/o combining form for female gonads
oo/o, ov/i, ov/o combining form for egg
oocyte egg cell
uterine tubes paired tubes that extend from the cranial portion of the uterus to the ovary also called oviducts and fallopian tubes
infundibulum funnel-shaped opening at the distal end of each uterine tube
fertilization egg and sperm union that usually occurs in the uterine tube
uterus thick-walled, hollow organ with muscular walls and a mucous membrane lining that houses the developing embryo in pregnant females
hyster/o, metr/o, metri/o, uter/o combining form for uterus
cornus horn. cranial end of the uterus that has two horns that travel toward the oviducts.
bicornuate having two large, well-defined uterine horns
corpus the middle portion of the uterus
cervix neck. caudal portion of the uterus that extends into the vagina
perimetrium membranous outer layer of the uterus (tissue)
myometrium muscular middle layer of the uterus (tissue)
endometrium inner layer of the uterus (tissue)
sphincters ringlike smooth muscle in the cervix
vagina muscular tube lined with mucosa that extends from the cervix to the outside of the body
vulva female external genitilia
labia fleshy borders or edges of the vulva
clitoris sensitive erectile tissue of females located in the ventral portion of the vulva
mammary glands milk-producing glands in females
mamm/o, mast/o combining forms for mammary glands
proestrus period of the estrous cycle before sexual receptivity
estrus period of the estrous cycle in which the female is receptive to the male
metestrus short period of the estrous cycle after sexual receptivity
diestrus period of the estrus cycle after metestrus
anestrus period of the estrus cycle when the animal is sexually quiet
intromission insertion of the penis into the vagina
placenta female organ of mammals that develops during pregnancy and joins the mother and offspring for the exchange of nutrients, oxygen, and waste products
umbilical cord structure that forms where the fetus communicates with the placenta
umbilicus the structure that forms on the abdominal wall where the umbilical cord was connected to the fetus
amnion innermost membrane enveloping the embryo in the uterus
gravid/o combining form for pregnant
-para suffix meaning bearing a live fetus
nulligravida one who has never been pregnant
nullipara female who has never born a viable fetus
primigravida female during first pregnancy
primipara female who has born one offspring
multigravida one who has had multiple pregnancies
multiparous female who has borne multiple offspring during different genstations
viviparous bearing live young
oviparous bearing eggs
parturition act of giving birth
neonate newborn
antepartum period before the onset of labor
postpartum period immediately after labor
lactation process of forming and secreting milk
amniocentesis surgical puncture with a needle through the abdominal and uterine walls to obtain amniotic fluid to evaluate the fetus
radiography procedure in which film is exposed as ionizing radiation passes through the patient and shows the internal body structures in profile
ultrasound diagnostic test using high-frequency waves to evaluate internal structures
abortion termination of pregnancy
azoospermia absence of sperm in the semen
benign prostatic hypertrophy abnormal non-cancerous enlargement of the prostate
cervicitis inflammation of the neck of the uterus
cryptorchidism developmental defect in which one of both testes fail to descend into the scrotum
dystocia difficult birth
ectopic pregnancy fertilized ovum implanted outside the uterus
epididymitis inflammation of the epididymis
fetal defects abnormalities that occur in the development of the fetus
fibroid benign tumor arising from the smooth muscle of the uterus
hermaphroditism condition of having both ovarian and testicular tissue
pseudohermaphroditism condition of having gonads of one sex but the physical characteristics of both sexes
mastitis inflammation of the mammory glands
metritis inflammation of the uterus
oligospermia deficient amount of sperm in semen
orchitis inflammation of the gonads of the male
ovarian cyst collection of fluid or solid material in the female gonad
paraphimosis retraction of the skin of the prepuce so that it cannot be retracted to expose the glans penis
pneumovagina conformational defect in the perineum of cows and mares that allows air to enter the vagina
priapism persistent penile erection not associated with sexual excitement
prostatitis inflammation of the prostate
pseudocyesis false pregnancy
pyometra pus in the uterus
retained placenta non-passage of the placenta after delivery of the fetus
scrotal hydrocele hernia of fluid in the testes or along the spermatic cord
sterility inability to reproduce
supernumerary more than the normal number
transmissable venereal tumor naturally occurring, sexually transmitted tumor of dogs that affects the external genetilia and other mucous membranes, TVT
uterine prolapse protrusion of the uterus through the vaginal orifice
vaginal prolapse protrusion of hte vagina through the vaginal wall or vaginal orifice
vaginitis inflammation of the vagina
assisted delivery manual use of hands or equipment to aid in delivery of a fetus
cesarean section delivery of offspring through an incision in the maternal abdominal and uterine walls
electroejaculation method of collecting semen for artificial insemination or examination in which electrical stimulation is applied to the nerves
episiotomy surgical incision of the perineum and vagina to facilitate delivery of the fetus and to prevent damage to maternal structures
fetotomy cutting apart of a fetus to enable removal from the uterus, also called embryotomy
hysterectomy surgical removal of the uterus
mastectomy surgical removal of the mammary gland or breast
neuter surgically alter; usual to describe the sexual altering of males
oophorectomy surgical removal of the ovary
orchidectomy surgical removal of the testis (castration)
ovariohysterectomy spay, surgical removal of the ovaries, uterine tubes, and uterus
vasectomy sterilization of the male in which a portion of the ductus deferens is surgically removed, yet the animal may retain its libido
type of gland found in the pig, cat, ruminants, and horse that are located on either side of the urethra bulbourethral gland
the period of estrous cycle before sexual receptivity proesterus
period of estrous in which the female is receptive to the male; called standing heat estrous
short period of estrous cycle after sexual receptivity; progesterone forms during this phase metestrus
period of estrous after metestrous of inactivity diestrus
the long quiet phase of the estrous cycle anestrus
the intermost membrane enveloping the embryo in the uterus amnion
the intermost layer of the placenta that forms a sac between itself and the amnion allantois
the outermost layer of the placenta chorion
Created by: maiken



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