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Wines Prelim 1

QuestionAnswer
viticulture practices that affect a wine's concentration,quality, flavor, and price? grape variety, age of vine, density of planting, yield/acre, soil type, microclimate, land and and labor costs
viniculture practices that affect a wine's concentration, quality, flavor, and price? wine making (science and skill), equipment and facilities, production capacity and demand
what are the Stages of Taste? attack, evolution, finish, aftertaste
Chardonnay apple, toasty, vanilla, lemon, sweet clove, buttery or creamy, figs, melons, coconuts, tea, pear, flinty. Aged: peach, pineapple, sage honey
Chenin Blanc fruity, fruity-grassiness, melon, bananas, apples (dry CBs), citrus, celery, lemon
Gruner Veltliner dry and crisp, may show herbal, white pepper, spicy, vegetal
Muscadet penetrating minerality and acidity, with fresh, clean, citrus flavors
Riesling fruity, apricot, peach, green apples, floral, lemon, tropical lushness. Botrytised Rieslings: honey
Sauvignon Blanc grassy, herbaceous, bell pepper, gun metal powder, green olive, black pepper, grapefruit, fig (often attributed to Semillon blend)
Viognier lime, kiwi, guava, apricot, peach, acacia, anise
Pinot Gris apple, pear / lemon, melon, wildflowers
Cabernet Sauvignon blackberry, black currant, black cherry, herbaceous, tea, green olives, currants, bell pepper, spicy. Smells more reminiscent of leaves and stalks than of fruits and flowers.
Gewurztraminer spicy, geranium, honeysuckle, cinnamon, ginger, grapefruit, apricot, lemon, banana, orange, peach, melon, pineapple, apple, lychee, roses
Merlot currant, black cherry, plum, herbaceous, tea, floral, violet, bell pepper, black pepper, cassis, peppermint, cedar, chocolate, wild cherry, cigar box, roses, pipe tobacco
Pinot Noir velvety. Roast coffee, earthy, tar, pepper, leathery, mushrooms, chocolate, berries, pomegranate, caramelized sugar, ripe cherries, wild violets, strawberries
Zinfandel blackberry, raspberry, jammy, briary, herbaceous, eucalyptus, mint, leather, cedar, dark chocolate, cherries, black pepper, raisins
Syrah black currant, blackberry, grass, black pepper, licorice, clove, thyme, bay leaf
Grenache blackberry, black currant, allspice, cinnamon, orange blossom
sulfur dioxide stinging sensation in the nasal passage
hydrogen sulfide rotten eggs
mercaptans essence of skunk and rotting cabbage
oxidized bland (loss of flavor)
maderized cooked sherry-like with nutty flavors (heating and oxidation)
corked musty, moldy
Dekkera/Brettanomyces barnyard, horsey, mousey smells
Sorbate bubble gum smell
Pediococcus dirty socks
Acetobater nail polish remover
Father Junipo Sera established missions along the coastline of CA
Jean Louis Vignes brought Cabernet from Bordeaux
Count Agoston Harazsthy began importing grapevine cuttings from Europe for Buena Vista Winery in Sonoma
Charles Krug opened St. Helena Winery
Beringer brothers Beringer Winery in Napa
Gustav Niebaum Norwegian- Inglenook Winery in Rutherford
Georges Latour Beaulieu Vineyards
Ernest & Julio Gallo opens small winery in Modesto after Prohibition
Louis Martini opened winery post Prohibition
Andre Tchelistcheff hired to be winemaker at Beaulieu after Prohibition
Mondavi Family purchased Charles Krug Winery
Robert Mondavi 1966 Oakville Winery- moves away from jug wine into more fancy stuff
Joe Heitz Heitz Cellars/Martha's Vineyard, similar to Robert Mondavi
Signature grapes of Cali? Chardonnay, Cabernet Sauvignon, Merlot
If Cali AVA, what percentage of grapes? 100%
CA- If county AVA, what percentage of grapes? 75%
CA- If specific AVA (i.e. Napa Valley), what percentage of grapes? 85%
CA- if Vineyard, what percentage of grapes? 95%
CA- estate bottled. what percentage? 100% and grown, wine made by company on the bottle
CA- produced and bottled by? 75%
CA- made and bottled by? 75%
CA- if vintage dated? 85% if state, county. 95% if AVA.
CA- varietal. what percentage? 75%
NY- varietal. what percentage? 75% UNLESS Labrusca grape, then 51%
if State of NY, what percentage? 75%
if NY AVA, what percentage? 85%
1976 NY State Farm Winery Act
Allen Shoup moved from Gallo to WA and heads up Ste. Michel Winery. "father of WA wine industry"
David Lett Eyrie vineyards (Oregon)
Myron Redford Amity Vineyards (Oregon)
Charles Fournier winemaker from Champagne comes to work at Gold Seal Winery, NY
Dr. Konstantin Frank Russian viticulturist begins work at Geneva Experimental Station. convinces Charles Fournier to plant vinifera in 1953
Walter S. Taylor opens Bully Hill to focus on hybrid varieties
Hermann Wiemer hired as winemaker at Bully Hill, eventually starts his own winery
Mark Miller plants French hybrids, lobbied for Farm Winery Act
Louisa and Alex Hargrave plant first commercial vineyard on North Fork of Long Island
OR- minimum varietal percentage? 90% (except Cab Sauv- 75%)
OR- region minimum percentage? 100%!!
WA- minimum varietal percentage? 75%
WA- AVA minimum percentage? 95%
major grape varieties in WA? Red: Cabernet, Merlot, Syrah White: Riesling, Chardonnay
major grape varieties in OR? Red: Pinot Noir, Merlot, Cabernet, Syrah White: Pinot Gris, Chardonnay, Riesling
what does a varietal label on an Alsace bottle mean? grapes are 100% that varietal
Edelzwicker a blend of Pinot Noir, Sylvaner, Pinot Gris, and Riesling in Alsace
Created by: hrichard22