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Pharm-Penicillins

Penicillin

QuestionAnswer
Penicillin -static vs. -cidal Bactericidal
Penicillin Toxicity Low
Penicillin Allergic Reactions Possible
Penicillin Spectrum of Activity Some are broad, some are narrow
Penicillin Stability Varied
Penicillin Excretion Renal (some liver)
Enzyme produced by some bacteria that inactivates penicillin? Penicillinase
Penicillinase commonly produced by ________. Staphylococcus
Result of the first modification to penicillin was _______. Penicillin V
What is the additive that inactivates penicillinase? Clavulanate potassium
What makes up Clavamox? Amoxicillin + Clavulanate potassium
Is penicillin excreted in its active form? Yes, when excreted from the liver
Dosage forms of penicillin: Amoxicillin, Ampicillin, Penicillin V, Clavamox, Carbenicillin, Cloxacillin, Dicloxacillin, Penicillin G & Ticarcillin.
Clavamox used to treat: Pneumonia, Bronchitis, UTIs and skin infections
Clavamox handling: Protect from oxygen and light! Packaged in airtight foil packets
Broad or Narrow: Ampicillin Broad
Broad or Narrow: Amoxicillin Broad
Broad or Narrow: Clavamox Broad
Broad or Narrow: Penicillin V/G Narrow
Penicillin Side effects v/d, nausea, allergic reactions, GI upset
Created by: k.jamie9
 

 



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