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Intro to Anesth

Week 1 of Anesthesia I

Without feeling or loss of sensation Anesthesia
Reversible state of unconsciousness, immobility, muscle relaxation, and loss of sensation throughout entire body produced by administration of one or more anesthetic agents General anesthesia
What are some reasons for the use of anesthesia? Surgery, dentistry, grooming, diagnostic imaging, wound care, capture & support
What type of anesthesia is the patient not aroused with painful stimulus? General anesthesia
What type of procedures is general anesthesia commonly used for? Surgery or other painful procedures
Specific stage of general anesthesia in which sufficient analgesia & muscle relaxation occurs Surgical anesthesia
Loss of sensitivity to pain Analgesia
Drug-induced CNS depression & drowsiness that varies from light to deep, minimal awareness or unawareness of surroundings Sedation
What type of anesthesia are patients aroused by noxious stimulation? Sedation
Drug-induced state of calm, reluctance to move, unconcerned of surroundings Tranquilization
Drug-induced sleeplike state that impairs ability of patient to respond appropriately to stimulus Hypnosis
Drug-induced sleep from which patient is not easily aroused Narcosis
Loss of sensation in small area of body from administration of local anesthetic agent in proximity to area Local anesthesia
Loss of sensation in localized area from local anesthetic agent Topical anesthetic
Loss of sensation in limited area of body by local anesthetic agent in proximity to sensory nerves of target area Regional anesthesia
Examples of regional anesthesia Brachial plexus block and epidural anesthesia
Type of anesthesia obtained when multiple drugs are administered in smaller doses than given alone Balanced anesthesia
With balanced anesthesia benefits of each drug is ____ and adverse effects of each drug is _____ Maximized, Minimized
Technician's role with anesthesia Preparation, operation, and maintenance of anesthetic equipment. Calculations, administration, maintenance with anesthetic agents. Endotracheal intubation. Patient monitoring. Patient recovery. Logging.
What are the four stages of anesthesia? Pre-anesthetic, induction, maintenance, recovery
What does pre-operative care include? administering medications, vaccines, IV catheter placement, giving fluids, stabilizing the patient, and confirming anesthetic protocol * necessary supplies with surgeon
What does LOC stand for? Level of consciousness
What are the different levels of consciousness? Lethargic, obtunded, stuporous, comatose
What type of dog should not receive barbiturates? Sight hounds
What type of questions should the client be asked? Open-ended
What types of confirmations should you make of a surgical procedure? What limb, tumor location, biopsy, contact info if there is an emergency
What should be performed on every patient every time? Physical exam/Physical assessment
What are the different systems that should be examined nose to tail? Integumentary, nervous, cardiovascular, respiratory, digestive, muscular, sensory, endocrine, urinary, reproductive
What are some common problematic findings on a PE? Dehydration, anemia, bruising, respiratory or cardiovascular disease, abnormalities of abdominal organs, physical abnormalities
What are some preanesthetic diagnostic tests? CBC, UA, Coagulation test, ECG, Radiographs, fecal, heartworm test, snap test
What rates the patient risk from minimal to extreme based on health and is subjective? Physical Status Classification
What are the different ratings for physical status classification? P1, P2, P3, P4, P5
What is an important step to ensure for preinduction patient care? Fasting
How many hours should the patient be fasted for food? 8-12hrs
How many hours should the patient be fasted for water? 2-4hrs
What may happen if a patient is not fasted? May vomit or regurgitate
Why is vomiting or regurgitating an issue? May suffer aspiration pneumonia
What is the pediatric drop rate? 60gtt/ml
What is the adult drop rate? 15gtt/ml
What patient is considered for microdrip? Less than 20lbs
What patient is considered for macrodrip? Over 20lbs
Why do we administer fluids? Increases blood volume which increases blood pressure
What are crystalloids? Fluids which are smaller molecules and correct deficiencies
What are colloids? Fluids which are larger molecules and help with circulation
What is the commonly used maintenance rate? 5ml/kg/hr or 5ml/lb/hr
What is the calculation used to determine gtt/sec or gtt/min? (Volume x Calibration)/(Time)
What does TFN stand for? Total Fluids Needed
What is it a technician provides during nursing care? Medications, IV catheter placement, IVF, stabilization of patient
Active expulsion in conscious patients, retching seen Vomiting
Passive expulsion into mouth & esophagus in conscious or unconscious patients; no retching Regurgitation
Created by: 48604741