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B,L,I VT126

Blood, Lymph and Immunity

QuestionAnswer
The liquid portion of blood is called? Plasma
Red blood cells are known as? Erythrocytes
White blood cells are known as? Leukocytes
Platelets are known as? Thrombocytes
What does pathology mean? The study of disease
What does disease mean? Any alteration from the normal state of health
What does a pathologist do? One who studies diseases and often is responsible for accurate diagnosis of diseases, as well as determining the cause, or etiology.
What are the functions of blood? 1. Transportation 2. Regulation 3. Defense System
What do erythrocytes do? Carry oxygen
What do thrombocytes do? Help prevent leaks from damaged blood vessels
What is the function of leukocytes? Leukocytes have multiple functions
What is hematopoiesis? The production of all blood cells
What is oxyhemoglobin mean? with oxygen; hemoglobin that is carrying oxygen
What does deoxyhemoglobin mean? Without oxygen; hemoglobin that has released its oxygen
What is the red blood cell life span of dogs, cats, horses and sheep, cows and mice? Dogs: 110 days Cats: 68 days Horses/Sheep: 150 days Cow: 160 days Mice: 20-30 days
What does Anemia mean? Decreased oxygen-carrying capacity of the blood
What does polycythemia mean? Increased above normal in the number of red blood cells
What is thrombopoiesis mean? Production of platelets
What is the function of platelets? 1. Maintain vascular integrity 2. Formation of platelet plug 3. Stabilize the hemostatic plug
What is the function of a neutrophil? (White blood cell) Phagocytosis
What is the function of a eosinophil? (White blood cell) * Allergic reactions * Anaphylaxis * Phagocytosis
What is the function of a basophil? (White blood cell) Initiation of immune and allergic reactions
What is the function of a monocyte? (macrophage) Phagocytosis and Process antigens
What is the function of B cells? Antibody production and humoral immunity
What is the function of T cells? Cytokine production and cell-mediated immunity
Created by: monkeyaround