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VT Chap9 Resp. Sys.

Respiratory System

The wall that divides the nasal cavity is called the *Nasal Septum Nasal Septum
Parts of the respiratory tract contain thin hairs called *Cilia Cilia
An abnormal condition of blue discoloration is called *Cyanosis Cyanosis
Inhaling a foreign substance into the upper respiratory tract is called *Aspiration Aspiration
Hypoxia is *Below-normal levels of oxygen Below-normal levels of oxygen
Liquid that reduces alveolar surface tension is called Surfactant
A condition following as a consequence of disease is a Sequela
A substance that works against, controls, or stops a cough is an Antitussive
A growth or mass protruding from a mucous membrane is a Polyp
Tubes that bifurcate from the trachea are known as Bronchi
A nosebleed is known as Epistaxis
Snoring, squeaking, or whistling that suggests airway narrowing is known as Stridor
Difficult breathing is known as Dyspnea
Absence of breathing Apnea
Abnormally slow respiratory rates Bradypnea
Abnormally rapid respiratory rates Tachypnea
Abnormal increase in the rate and depth of respirations Hyperpnea
Abnormally slow or shallow respirations Hypopnea
Abnormally rapid deep breathing, which results in decreased levels of cellular carbon dioxide Hyperventilation
Respirations near death or during extreme suffering Agonal breathing
Pus in the chest cavity is called Pyothorax
Tapping various body surfaces with the finger or an instrument to determine sound density is known as Percussion
The potential space between the parietal and visceral pleural is the Pleural space
Flexible air sacs where gas exchange occurs Alveoli
Acts as a lid over the entrance to the trachea Epiglottis
Refers to the windpipe Trachea
Refers to the throat Pharynx
Refers to the voice box Larynx
Refers to the chest Thorax
Refers to the nostril Naris
Abnormally large amounts of fluid in the intercellular tissue spaces Edema
Imcomplete expansion of the alveoli Atelectasis
Spitting up blood from the lower respiratory tract Hemoptysis
Occuring over a short course Acute
Occuring over a long course Chronic
Act of listening Auscultation
Ventilation and breathing mean Intake of fresh air
The diffusion of gases (oxygen and carbon dioxide) between the atmosphere and the cells of the body Respiration
combining form for nose Nas/o, rhin/o
combining form for opening or passageway meat/o
combining form for partition sept/o
combining form for smell olfact/o
combining form for tonsil tonsill/o
combining form for sinus sinus/o
combining form for throat pharyng/o
combining form for palate palat/o
combining form for epiglottis epiglott/o
combining form for voice box laryng/o
combining form form glottis glott/o
combining form for windpipe trache/o
combining form for bronchi bronch/o
combining form for bronchiole bronchiol/o
suffix for small -ole
combining form for small sac alveol/o
combining form for ribs cost/o
combining form for chest cavity or chest thorac/o
suffix for chest -thorax
combining form for well defined portion lob/o
combining form for lung or air pneum/o, pneumon/o, and pnue
combining form for lung pulm/o, pulmon/o
the region between the lungs Mediastinum
combining form for membrane surrounding the lung pleur/o
combining form for wall phragm/o
prefix for across dia-
combining form for diaphragm diaphragmat/o, phren/o
The inhalation and exhalation of air Breathing
The drawing in of breath Inhalation
The release of breath Exhalation
combining form for breath or breathing spir/o
suffix for breathing -pnea
combining form for oxygen ox/i, ox/o, ox/y
combining form for carbon dioxide capn/o
combining form for cough tuss/i
Created by: phoenixgoddess83