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Positional direction

Positional and directional terms

ANTERIOR Front of the body
POSTERIOR back of the body
DEEP away from the surface
SUPERFICIAL on the surface
PROXIMAL near the beginning
DISTAL far from the beginning
INFERIOR below structure
SUPERIOR above structure
MEDIAL pertaining to the middle
LATERAL pertaining to the side
SUPINE lying on the belly
PRONE lying on the back
TRANSVERSE PLANE divides body, upper and lower portions
SAGITTAL divides body, left and right sides
CAUDAL below another structure
ASCITES Abnormal accumulation of fluid in the abdomen
FLATUS gas expelled through the anus
MELENA Black, tarry stools: feces containing blood
CROHN DISEASE Chronic inflammation of the intestinal tract
DIVERTICULA Abnormal side pockets in the intestinal wall
GASTROESOPHAGEAL REFLEX Solids and fluids return to the mouth from the stomach
PANCREATITIS Inflammation of the pancreas
HEMOCCULT TEST A test to determine the presence of blood in feces
ABDOMINAL ULTRASONOGRAPHY Sound waves are beamed into the abdomen and recorded
LIVER SCAN Radioactive material is injected intravenously and taken up by the liver cells
1.right hypochondriac region 2.epigastric region 3.left hypochondriac region 4.right lumbar region 5.umbilical region 6.left lumbar region 7.right inguinal region 8.hypogastric region 9.left inguinal region the 9 abdominal sections from top right to lower left
Created by: 100000682368717