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Phlebotomy study

Commonly Used Abbreviations and Glossary of Phlebotomy Terminology

QuestionAnswer
ALP ALKALINE PHOSPHATASE
ALT ALANINE AMINOTRANSFERASE
APTT ACTIVATED PARTIAL THROMBOPLASTIN TIME
AST ASPARTATE AMINOTRANSFERASE
BT BLEEDING TIME
BUN BLOOD UREA NITROGEN
BURPP BILIRUBIN, URIC ACID, PHOSPHORUS, POTASSIUM
CBC COMPLETE BLOOD COUNT
Diff Differential
EDTA ETHYLENEDIAMINETETRAACETIC ACID
EIA ENZYME IMMUNOASSAY
ESR ERTHROCYTE SEDIMENTATION RATE
FBS FASTING BLOOD SUGAR
GTT GLUCOSE TOLERANCE TEST
HCT HEMATOCRIT
HDL HIGH-DENSITY LIPOPROTEIN
HGB HEMOGLOBIN
INR INTERNATION NORMALIZED RATION
LDH LACTATE DEHYDROGENASE
LDL LOW-DENSITY LIPOPROTEIN
MCH MEAN CORPUSCULAR HEMOGLOBIN
MCHC MEAN CORPUSCULAR HEMOGLOBIN CONCENTRATION
MCV MEAN CORPUSCULAR VOLUME
MPV MEAN PLATELET VOLUME
PT PROTHROMBIN TIME
PTT PARTIAL THROMBOPLASTIN TIME
RBC RED BLOOD CELL/RED BLOOD COUNT
RDW RED BLOOD CELL DISTRIBUTION WIDTH
SPS SODIUM POLYANETHOL SULFONATE
SST SERUM SEPARATOR TUBE
WBC WHITE BLOOD CELL/WHITE BLOOD COUNT
Accepted Standard of Care: The Consensus of medical opinion on what is adequate patient care in a particular situation.
Airborne infection precautions Use precautions with patients known to have a serious illness that can be transmitted through airborne droplets.
allerigic contact dermatitis An allergic reaction to skin allergen contact (e.g., latex)
Analyte: substance being analyzed
Ancillary blood glucose test Bedside dermal puncture to determine blood glucose level.
Antecubital fossa: area inside the elbow where the best veins for blood draw are located
Anticoagulants: Additives that prevent blood from clotting.
Autologous donation patient's own blood donation collected for use at a later time
Basillic vein Prominent vein in antecubital fossa; third choice for blood draw
Bleeding Time (BT) Measures the amount of time it takes bleeding to stop after an incision is made.
BLOOD-BORNE PATHOGENS: INFECTIOUS AGENTS CARRIED IN THE BLOOD.
Blood Type The presence of antigens on the surface of red blood cells (RBC)
Brachial Artery Artery in the antecubital fossa
butterfly needle (a.ka.) winged infusion set): Small needle with flexible for delicate veins.
Capillary tube (a.k.a) microhematocrit tube): small tube used for hematocrit tests
Centrifuging Act of separating components of a sample based on density by using a machine that spins a sample at very high rate of speed (the device is called a centrifuge)
Cephalic vein: Prominent vein in antecubital fossa; second choice for blood draw.
Chemistry panel A group of blood chemistry tests; most common is Chem 7.
Clot Activators: Additives that stimulate clotting.
Coagulation clotting
Complete blood Count (CBC) Used to test for conditions that affect the number and ratio of celltypes in the blood, most common blood test.
Contact precautions Used when a patient is known or suspected to have a serious illness that may be spread by direct contact.
Differential (diff) Assesses the ratio of the different types of white blood cells (WBC's) and to look for changes in the RBC's and platelets.
Differential count Determination of the proportions of the various blood cell types.
Droplet Precautions: Used for patients who are known or suspected to transmit serious illness by large particle droplets (e.g. tuberculosis)
Flea Metal filing used to mix blood with additives in small tubes.
Health Insurance Portablility and Accountability Act (HIPAA): Patient privacy act
Hematocrit (HCT) Determines the percentage of the blood volume that is RBC's
Hematoma A swollen, reddened area under the skin where blood collects
Hemoconcentration Increase in the ratio of formed elements in the plasma, usually caused by leaving the tourniquet on too long.
Hemoglobin (Hgb) Gives blood its red color because it contains iron; transports oxygen.
Hemolysis Destrution of RBC's
Hemostasis The process by which the body stops blood from leaking out of a wound.
Heparin or saline lock A tube temporarily placed on the peripheral vein, may be used to administor medicine or draw blood.
Joint Commission on Accreditation of Healthcare Organizations (JCAhO) Monitors and evaluates the quality of patient care: institution will lose Medicare funding if it has not been accredited by JCAHO.
Luer adapter Used to attach a butterfly needle to an evacuation tube.
Lumen The hollow tube part of the needle.
Material Safety Data Sheets (MSDS) Provide information on chemicals, their hazards, and procedures for cleanup and first aid.
Median Cubital vein Prominent vein in antecubital fossa; first choice for blood draw.
Microcollection tube A.k.a., Caraway pipette or Natelson pipetter): large glass capillary tube.
Micropipette (a.k.a.)Caraway pipette or Natelson pipette): Large glass capillary tube
Multi-sample needle A double-ended needle designed to be used with an evacuation tube system.
Needle adapter Transculent plastic cylinder connecting a multi-sample needle to an evacuated tube.
Occluded Blocked
Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) Regulates safety in the workplace.
Pathogen Infectious organism
Personal protective equipment Gowns, masks, respirators, face shields, shoe covers and gloves
Phagocytosis Digestion of blood-borne microorganisms that cause infections.
Quality phlebotomy Policies and procedures designed to ensure the deliver of high quality patient care and specimen analysis.
Sharps Needles, lancets, broken glass, and other sharp items
Standard preautions (a.k.a) Universal precautions) Infection control that uses a protective barrier to prevent direct skin contact with blood, body fluids and tissues from all persons.
Syringe An instrument used to inject or withdraw fluids, it is a simple piston pump consisting of a plunger that fits tightly in a tube; open end of the syringe may be fitted with a hypodermic needle, a nozzle or tubing.
Theraputic Phlebotomy Removal of blood (blood letting) as part of a treatment for a disorder.
Thixotropic gel an inert additive used to separate cells from plasma during centrifuging.
Thrombosis Clot formation in a blood vessel.
Tube advancement mark Placed on a needle adapter to indicate how far the tube can be pushed in without losing vacuum pressure.
Created by: drehmon2237
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