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Anatomy & Phys

Phlebotomy Anatomy & Physiology

What are the three preferred veins of the arm for phlebotomy? Cephalic, median cubital, basalic
What artery is to be avoided for venepuncture? Brachial
The Integumentary system is Skin, hair, nails
The outermost layer of the skin is? Epidermis
The layer that contains the touch receptor Dermis
The fat layer is called? Subcutaneous Tissue
What is the function of the outermost layer? Epidermis is dead cells that protect the body.
What dermal layer regulates body heat? The subcutaneous fat layer.
Which layer holds the capillaries? Dermis
The cardiovascular system comprises? The heart, vessels, the blood.
What color is plasma? light yellow
91% of plasma is what? water
Less than 9% of plasma is mostly made up of what? Proteins
The function of Albumin is to provide cells nutrients
The function of fibrinogen is to stop bleeding
The main function of globulins are to provide immunity
What are the formed elements of blood? RBCs, WBCs, & Plateletts
The main function of the RBC is to Cary O2 and CO2
The white blood cells provide for what immunity
Platelets are in the blood system to do what? stop bleeding
What is a Thrombocyt? A platelete
Which cells move through the body on their own? WBCs
What is a leukocyte? WBC
What action does a leukocyte use eliminate an infection? Phagocytosis
The heart has how many chambers? 4
The top chambers are called Atria
The bottom chambers are called Ventricles
The left chambers of the heart pump blood to where Body
The right chambers of the heart pump blood to the Lungs
The veins carry blood to where To the right atria of the heart
The arteries are responsible for pumping blood to where Away from the heart
What vessel caries blood to the lungs? Pulmonary Artery
Which vessel caries blood from the lungs to the heart? Pulmonary Veins
The three kinds of blood vessels Veins, Arteries, capillaries
Capillaries are made up of only one kind of vessel tissue called? Tunica intima
The blood vessel outer layer is called what Tunica adventia
The middle layer of the blood vessel is called the Tunica media.
What are veniols and arteriols? The small veins and arteries that branch into capillaries.
What percentage of blood is plasma and formed elements? 55% plasma, 45% formed elements
What should you do if a vein collapses when drawing a standard vacutainer tube? Change to a smaller tube like a pediatric size.
Created by: Ladybug9537
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