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SAM2 - Dental

VT Dental Terms

TermDefinition
Alveolus The socket in the bone in which the tooth fits
Apex Most terminal protion of the root
Apical Foramen Small opening found at apex of the root allowing nerves and vessels to enter tooth
Cementum Bony substance covering the roots that assists with holding the tooth in place
Cemento-enamel Junction Where cementum meets the enamel.
Crown Portion of the tooth above the gumline
Dentin Dense bone-like material underlying the enamel making up the bulk of the tooth
Enamel Outer covering of the crown - hardes substance in the body
Gingiva Fibrous tissue covered by mucosa (gum tissue)
Gingival Sulcus The groove or pocket formed by the unattached portion of the gingiva
Incisive Papilla Lies caudal to upper incisors - associated with scent recognition
Lingual salivary gland Lies caudal to the the mandibular 1st molar in cats
Mandibular salivary gland Lies caudal to the mandibular lymph nodes
Mandibular Symphysis Rostral attachment of both mandibles by a strong fibrous joint
Periodontal Ligament Fibers that hold the tooth in the socket by connecting the cementum to the bone
Pulp Cavity Contains nerve and blood supply of tooth
Pulp Chamber Soft tissue system inside the crown of the tooth
Root Canal Soft tissue system in side the root of the tooth
Root Portion of the tooth below the gumline
Incisors Small cutting teeth used for nibbling or grooming
Canines "Fangs" designed for grasping and tearing with great force
Premolars Larger tearing or shearing teeth
Molars Larger teeth meant for grinding, not used for this as much in carnivores
Carnassials The primary shearing teeth - upper 4th premolar and lower 1st molar
Deciduous Baby teeth - provide a pathway for the eruptionof the permanent teeth
Normal occlusion Lower canines - mesial to upper canines Upper incisors - rostral to lower incisors Upper carnassial teeth - lateral to lower carnassial teeth
Anterior cross-bite A normal occlusion except one or more of the incisors are misaligned
Posterior cross-bite Maxillary premolars - lingual to mandibular premolars or molars
Level Bite The incisors meet (Normal in cats)
Brachygnathism Overshot - lower jaw too short
Prognathism Undershot - lower jaw too long
Wry Mouth Elongation of half the jaw
Supernumerary Teeth Extra permamnent teeth or deciduous teeth
Retained deciduous teeth Retained baby teeth after eruption of permanent teeth
Gemination Partial splitting of a tooth - looks like two crowns with common roots
Abrasion Loss of tooth substance from wear and tear
Attrition Loss of the tooth substance from wear due to malocclusin of teeth
Abscess Accumulation of purulent material
Apical Direction toward the root tip or away from the incisal or occlusal surfaces
Buccal Surface of the tooth toward the cheek (premolars and molars only)
Calculus "Tartar" Salivary minerals and plaque that have hardened on the tooth
Coronal Toward the crouwn of the tooth
Distal Tooth surface away from te rostral midline
Furcation The area where the roots of multirooted teeth meet
Halitosis Foul odor from the mouth
Incisal Coronal surface of the incisors
Labial Surface of the tooth facing the lips (incisors only)
Lingual Surface of the tooth facing the tongue (lower only)
Mesial Tooth surface facing toward the rostral midline
Occlusal Flat grinding surface of the molars
Palatal Surface of tooth facing the hard palate (upper only)
Periapical Around the apex of the tooth
Periodontium The supporting structures of the tooth which include the gingiva, cementum, periodontal ligament and alveolar bone
Saliva Enzymatic secretion in the mouth from glands, pH 7.5, promotes the deposition of plaque
Created by: k.jamie9