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dentistry

terms

QuestionAnswer
Alveolus the socket in the alveolar bone in which the tooth fits
Apex Most terminal portion of the root
Apical Foramen small opening found at apex of root allowing nerves and vessels to enter tooth
Cementum Bony substance covering the roots that assists with holding the tooth in place
Cemento-enamel junction Place where cementum meets meets the enamel
Crown Portion of the tooth above the gumline
dentin Dense bone-like material underlying the enamel, makes up the bulk of the tooth
Enamel outer covering of the crown, hardest substance in the body
Gingiva Fibrous tissue covered by mucosa
Gingival sulcus The groove or pocket formed by the unattached portion of the gingiva
Incisive Papilla Lies caudal to the upper incisors. associated with scent glands
Lingual Salivary gland lies caudal to the madibular 1st molar in cats
Mandibular salivary gland located caudal to the mandibular lymph nodes
Mandibular symphysis Rostral attachment of both mandibles by a strong fibrous joint
Peridontal ligament Fibers that hold the tooth in the socket by connecting the cementum to the alveolar bone
Pulp cavity contains nerve and blood supply of tooth
pulp chamber soft tissue system inside the crown of the tooth
root chamber soft tissue system inside the root of the tooth
Root portion of the tooth below the gumline
Abrasion loss of tooth substance from wear and tear
Attrition loss of tooth substance from wear due to malocclusion of teeth
Apical direction toward the root tip or away from the incisal or occlusal surfaces
Buccal Surface of the tooth toward the cheek
Calculus Salivary minerals and plaque that have hardened on the tooth
Coronal toward the crown of the tooth
Distal tooth surface away from the rostral midline
Furcation the area where the roots of multirooted teeth meet
Halitosis foul odor from the mouth
Incisal coronal surface of incisors
Labial surface of the tooth facing the lips
Lingual surface of the tooth (lower) facing the tongue
Mesial tooth surface facing toward the rostral line
Occlusal flat grinding surface of the molars
Palatal surface of tooth (upper) facing hard palate
periapical around the apex of the tooth
periodontium the supporting structures of the tooth which include the gingiva, cementum, periodontal ligament and alveolar bone
Saliva enzymatic secretions in the mouth from the glands in the tissues next to the maxilla
Created by: emily_kundert