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Human Population

Stages and their factors

QuestionAnswer
Indicators reflecting health of country infant mortality rate, life expectancy
Morbidity presence of disease in a population
Mortality number of deaths in a population
Replacement level fertility the number of children a couple must have to replace themselves
Average fertility rate average number of children per woman
Pre-industrial stage harsh living conditions, birth & death rates high, population grows slowly, infant mortality high
Transitional stage death rate lower due to better health care, birth rate still high so population grows fast
Industrial stage decline in birth rate, population growth slows
Post-industrial stage low birth & death rates, population stabilized or decreases
Reasons death rates have declined include advent of antibiotics, safer water supplies, better nutrition
Factors affecting population growth/ways to decrease birth rate : empowerment of women, average age of marriage, education, urbanization, family planning, economic rewards and penalties (China’s one child policy)
Thomas Malthus said human population cannot continue to increase, consequences will be war, famine & disease
Created by: FHSAPES