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WC Jepardey Question

QuestionAnswer
He slit the roman empire into eastern and western sections, making it easier to administer diocletian
Although he was not tchnically and emporoer, hes "divine deeds" essentially state that he enjoys the power of an emperor Augustus
the story is that he fiddled while Rome burned; his mother cried to her assassins, "Stab my womb" Nero
After putting down the jewish revolt, his armies hailed him as emperor but he still asked the senate to confirm his position Vespian
The last of the "five good Emperors" this philosopher-emporer's death resulted in the disastrous reign of his son, commodus and ended the pax romana Marcus Aurelius
This island figured prominently into two wars- the peloponnesian wars and punic wars Sicily
Claudius broke with his predecessors and expanded the empire to include this island in 43 Ce Britain
The "Gates of Fire" or hot springs, where king leonidas and his 300 spartans did their duty to the death agains the persians in 480 BCE Thermopylae
It is possibly from where the Atlantic myth grew, when this island was destroyed some 3500 years ago in what many modern geologists believe was "the single most-powerful explosive event ever witnessed" Thera/Santaorini
This river valley was part of the northern frontier of the Roman Empire but also provided an avenue for the barbarians who later invaded the Empire Danube River
During the "struggle of the Orders," the plebians pushed for these laws to be punished for all to see so that laws could not be misinterpreted Twelve Tables
He was the perfect model of a roman dictator cincinnatus
this event according to Roman myths led directly to the expulsion of Tarquinius Superbus and the Tarquin kings, and the Roman hatred of kings Rape of Lucretia
This Carthaginians invasion from 218-203 BCE caused a ripple affect creating both a crisis on the land and in the military Hannible
The first triumvirate Julius Caesar, Marcus Crassus, Gnaeus Pompey
The "theatron" a sloping, semi-circled "viewing-place"
a circular area, the "dancing place", from where the chorus performed orchestra
Aristotles defenition of a trajedy was based on the idea that these two emotions would have a katharsis on the audience fear and pity
medea believed that this would be the best punishment for Jason's betrayal murder their own children
he cried out, "Oh light of day, may this be the last time i see you, i who am shown to be the child of those whose child i should not be" Oedipus
THe most famous student of socrates, his cave allegory presented his ideas on truth and reality and their shadows Plato
Plato credited Protagoras with creating this philosophy, criticized by socrates for its belief that, "man is the measure of all things" realitivism
According to st. thomas Aquinas, these where the two sources of truth bible and human reason
This greek philosophy of Zeno greatly influenced educated Romans to calmly accept “misfortune or accident as a necessary part of living life” (167). stoicism
Diogenes, Epicurus and Zeno were the most influential teachers of this age, emphasizing the individual. Hellenistic Age
In the mutual obligation of lords and vassals, this was granted to the vassal. Fief
Most of the peasants, or common people, who lived on a lord’s manor. serfs
The 200-year-period period of relative peace, ushered in by Augustus. Pax Romana
The free ones were called perioikoi; those the Spartans enslaved were called this. Helots
Thermae, through which people first moved from the tepidarium, then the caldarium, and finally the frigidarium. Roman baths
The period between 500-1000, when there was a “general collapse of law and order as barbarians moved across [the] frontiers” (James, 89). Dark Ages
Many of the Crusaders were motivated to fight in the Crusades because of the Pope’s promise of this: Salvation- fighting under the sign of the cross
If Greek architecture is best represented by the Parthenon, and Roman architecture by the Colosseum, then this was the best expression of medieval civilization. Gothic Cathedrals
The bourgeoisie, a new middle class that gained their freedom from their feudal lords and grew from townspeople who did these two general types of occupations. artisans and merchants
The Treaty of Verdun of 843 divided his empire among his three sons. Charlemagne
He ushered in the Golden Age of Athens, with his mistress, Aspasia, at his side Pericles
The son of Darius, he bridged the Hellespont and marched a massive Persian army into Greece in 480 BCE to avenge the defeat at Marathon. Xerxes
With his career preaching to Jews and Gentiles alike, he laid the foundation for Christianity to become a world religion, Paul/Saul
His conversion to Christianity paved the way for Theodosius to make it the state religion of Rome in the late 4th century. Constantine
His epic–poems of the Greek Dark Ages told of the heroes of the Trojans and Mycenaeans, and the interference into human affairs of the Greek gods. HOmer
His armies of fierce warriors from Central Asia triggered a migration of barbarians to ask Rome to enter and live within the Empire. Atilla the Hun
Opposed by Demosthenes, he steadily created a Macedonian empire that would be greatly enlarged by his son. Phillip
Romulus Augustus was the last emperor of the western Roman Empire before he was overthrown by this German mercenary in 476. Odoacer
Muhammad’s wife, he elevated his position when he married her and became his first convert to Islam. Khadija
In his address at Clermont in 1095, he answered the Byzantine emperor’s request to help re-take the Holy Land from the infidel Seljuk Truks. Pope Urban II
Hannibal’s veteran soldiers and war elephants crossed these mountains in the Third Century BCE. the alps
A Greek city originally called Byzantium, it was re-named and became the imperial centre of the Roman Empire. Constantinople
The saying is that, “All roads lead to Rome”; certainly that was true if you traveled on this road. Appian Way
King Cyrus the Great invited Jews to return to this city to rebuild their Temple following the Babylonian Captivity; later Jesus made a triumphal entry here on what is called Psalm Sunday. Jerusalem
Caesar’s wealth, fame and fortune were made in his conquest of this province, in which his troops amputated the right hands of the barbarians so they could never again rise up against Rome. Gaul
Themistocles was eventually able to say, “I told you so,” after urging the Athenians to construct these vessels triremes
Essentially, he controlled the extended family and the decisions regarding individuals within it. paterfamilias
The concept that every citizen was expected to take part in the political process first developed here. athens
If the cities were the centre of the Roman world in the Pax Romana, then these became the centres in the last centuries of the Empire. latifundias
He was Charlemagne’s chief advisor and established a school in the palace at Aachen Alcuin of York
Mount Olympus The tallest mountain in greece, and home of the greek gods
The existence of this language – a standardized Greek language in the Hellenistic world – helped with the spread of Christianity in the Roman world. koine
In his view, the worldly city was never the true concern for Christians, but the heavenly city was, which was far beyond the reach of any barbarian. Augustine
Jews, Christians and Muslims – according to Islamic thought. "people of the book"
Why the Bishop of Rome was seen as the inheritor of the power of Christ. What is the church of St. Peter, established by Simon Peter in Rome (where he was martyred), upon whom Christ said, “[Y]ou are Peter, and on this rock I will build my church”.
Created by: staft