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Ax Drugs

Major Types & Reversal Drugs

QuestionAnswer
Morphine Full agonist - Opioid
Hydromorphone Full agonist - Opioid 8 X more potent than Morphine
Fentanyl Full agonist - Opioid 75-100X more potent than Morphine
Tramadol Post op full agonist opioid used for pain
Buprenorphine Partial agonist opioid (LONG duration , moderate analgesia)
Butorphanol K Agonist/ Mu Antagonist Opioid SHORT duration, minimal analgesia & sedation
Naloxone Opoid ANTagonist (will reverse both sedation AND analgesia!!)
Naltrexone potent long lasting opioid antagonist
Atropine Anti-cholinergic - inc HR, dec secretions, dec GI motility
Glycopyrrolate Anti-cholinergic - inc HR, dec secretions, dec GI motility - DOESNT CROSS THE BBB
Acepromazine Phenothiazine - SLOW onset of action
Diazepam Benzodiazepine - GABA agonist
Midazolam Benzodiazepine - GABA agonist
Flumazenil GABA ANTAgonist -- reversal for benzodiazepine
Xylazine Alpha-2 agonist
Medetomidine Alpha-2 agonist - much more potent than xylazine (75x) - profound long lasting sedation, analgesia
Dexmedatomidine Alpha-2 agonist
Detomidine Alpha-2 agonist
Romifidine Alpha-2 agonist
Ketamine Dissociative Anesthetic
Telazol Dissociative (Tiletamine) + Zolazepam
Created by: hmitche1