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AP chapter6

3-vt-11 AP chapter 6

QuestionAnswer
Once osteoclasts are surrounded by bone, they are called osteoblasts. False
Periosteum and endosteum contain bone-forming cells called osteoblasts True
The ends of long bones are called epiphysis True
Condyles are found on the distal ends of the femur, humerus, and scapula False
Processes can be sites for tendinous attachements or have articular functions True
The bones of the limbs make up the axial skeleton False
The most caudal bone of the skull is the narietal bone False
Interparietal bones are located between the frontal and parietal bones of the skull False
The external acoustic meatus is the only ear structure that is visible from the outside True
The pituitary fossa is located in the spheniod bone True
The hard palate is made of the palatine and incisive bones False
The tall spinous processes of thoracic vertebrae form joints with rib heads True
The clavicle plays an important role in forming the shoulder joint in domestic animals False
The tuber coxae projects medially and joins with the sacrum to form the sacroiliac joint False
The olecranon is the socket component of the ball and socket joint of the hip joint False
Horses have a large metatarsal bone and two small metataral bones(splint bones) True
The medial and lateral cruciate ligaments help prevent the bones of the stifle from sliding back and forth as the joint bends and straightens False
Gliding joints allow the most extensive movements of all the types of joints False
Flexion decreases the angle between two bones True
This hormone helps to prevent hypercalcemia by depositing excess calcium in bones B. calcitonin
Compact bone consists of highly compacted cylinders of bone called C. haversian systems
Blood Vessels pass through countless tiny channels in bone called A. Volkmann's canals
Intramembranous bone formation only occurs D. in certain skull bones
Examples of irregularly shaped bones include A. sesamoids and vertebrae
Yellow bone marrow can revert to red bone marrow True
Which joints contain hyaline cartilage cartilaginous, fibrous, and synovial
what common bone feature is a somewhat spherical articular surface on the proximal end of long bones A. Head
The spinal cord passes through this hole B. foramen magnum
the mandible is connected to the rest of the skull by this type of joint A. synovial
in cattle, what bone is the cornual process a part of D. frontal
Where is the paranasal sinus housed in humans and horses? B. ethmoid bone
Brachycephalic breeds such as collies have long nasal bones False
The most common type of mandibular fracture in horses and swine is the mandibular symphyseal fracture False
which bones help to warm and humidify air before it enters the lungs D. turbinates
which of the following bones is not considered an internal bone of the face A. incisive
this bone is considered by some authors to be a separate bone of the axial skeleton and not a bone of the skull B. hyoid
which of the following bones is not paired C. ethmoid
which of the following bones is paired B. Malleus
The wings of the atlas can sometimes be palpated just behind the skull True
Which of the following animals has the fewest number of coccygeal bones D. Humans
An animal with 7 cervical, 13 thoracic, and 6 lumbar vertebrae USUALLY has this many pairs of ribs B. 13
Which bone forms a joint with the pelvis A. sacrum
ribs whose ventral ends terminate in muscles of the thoracic walls are called C. floating ribs
In humans, the tailbone consists of fused sacral bones False
Rib heads are fused to the lateral articular facets of the the thoracic vertebrae to form suture joints False
The first most cranial, sternabra is called the xiphoid process False
The proximal humerous has several processes the largest of which is called A. greater tubercle
At the distal end of the humerous, what is the name of the articular surface that articulates with the ulna B. trochlea
The medial and lateral palpable surfaces at the distal end of the humerus are the D. epicondyles
what structure forms the "point of the elbow" C. olercranon process
what species does only the proximal part of the ulna exist B. horse
the radius is the main weight-bearing bone of the antebrachium True
what is the name of the carpus in the horse A. knee
which metacarpal bone has evolved to be the large weight-bearing bone in the horse C. III
in the horse, what are the splint bones B. metacarpal bones II and IV
what metacarpal bones do cattle have D. III and IV
the distal-most phalanx of the horse is called the coffin bone True
In dogs and cats, sesamoid bones play a key role in reducing wear and tear of tendons False
what is the name of the largest process on the proximal head of the femur B. greater trochanter
what is the name of the largest sesamoid bone in an animals body A. patella
What is the main weight-bearing bone of the lower part of the pelvic limb book says C. tibia savage says metacarpal III or cannon bone
in what muscle tendon is the patella located C. quadriceps femoris
what is the name of the knob at the distal end of the fibula D. lateral malleolus
to what bone does the gastrocnemuis muscle attach distally B. fibular tarsal bone
what animals have an os cordis A. cattle
where are the fibrous joints found between the splint bones and the large metatarsal and metacarpal bones in horses and in the skull
what are amphiarthroses found D. in the mandibular and pelvic symphysis
in which joints will ligaments be found D. diarthroses
What produces synovial fluid D. synovial membrane
what are the names of the ligaments inside the stifle joint C. cruciate ligaments
what type of joint is the atlantoaxial joint A. pivot joint
when a dog lowers its head to sniff the ground, what movement is occurring between the cervical vertebrae B. flexion
Created by: fmnewby