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week 7-tucker

linguistic anthropology

a system of communication based on symbols is called a language
all languages are organized on the same basic plan in that they take no more than fifty sounds and put them together in meaningful ways according to rules that can be determined by linguists
the modern scientific study of all aspects of language is linguistics
the systematic study of the production transmission and reception of speech sounds is phonetics
paralanguage is to speech as ___ is to position of the body. kinesics
the following is a latin based language. spanish, romainian, italian, portuguese
Kinesics is a method for notating and analyzing any form of body language
Decriptive linguistics "attempts 2 explain the features of a particular language at 1 time in its history" & " look at languages as separate system w/0 considering how they might b related 2 ea. other
a language family is a group of languages that are descended from a single ancestral language
if the core vocabulary of 2 languages is compared by glottochronologists it is thought possible to determine ___ how long ago the languages separated from each other
the term ___ is usally used to refer to varing forms of a language that reflect particular regions of social classes and that are similar enough to be mutually intelligible. dialect
the very names for this dialect reflect the diversity of views.the following are used to refer to Ebonics. African American English (AAE), African American Vernacular (AAVE), Black English (BE)
Black English short history, logical rules of grammar, discourse practices cannot be traced, has an oral literature worthy of respect
a specialty within linguistic anthropology that has become almost a separate field of inquiry is ethnolinguistics
although we are genetically programmed to speak what are speak is determined by our culture
the first step in studying any language, once a number of utterances have been collected is to isolate the phonemes
in north america scratching one's scalp, biting one's lip or knitting one's brows are ways of conveying doubt. they are also what linguists call kinesics
this approach concentrates on the way languages function now, as if they were separate systems,consistent within themselves, w/o any reference 2 reasons for their development. descriptive linguistics
proposed that a language is not simply & encoding process for voicing our ideas & needs but rather is a shaping force, which by providing habitual grooves of expression that predispose peo. 2 see the world n a certain way guides their thinking & behavior Benjamin Lee Whorf
this branch of linguistics involves unraveling a language by recording, describing and analyzing all of its features. descriptive
at least ___ percent of our total communication takes place non verbally. 60
specialist n this branch of linguistics investigate relationships between earlier & later forms of the same language older languages for developments in modern one's & questions of relationships among older language Historical
when a person has the ability 2 comprehend 2 language but express herself/himself in only one, is known as ___ bilingualism. passive
it has been suggested that the alphabet was invented about ___ years ago by Semitic speaking peoples 4,000
something that stand for soemthing else. symbol
the scientific study of language linguistics
how are language and culture related? a person learns how to communicate through thier own culture--speakers of a partiuclar language tend to develop larger vocabularies to discuss those aspects of life athat are of importance to them.
The human brain and the anatomy of the mouth and throat make language a biological possibility. At the same time, languages are clearly cultural products embedded in meanings and behavioral patterns that stretch beyond individual bodies, space,and time. biocultural evolution
what makes human language distinctive? charles hockett: openness, displacement, arbiatrainess, duality of patterning, semanticity and prevarication.
grammar set of rules that aim to describe fully the patterns of linguistic usage observed by speakers of a particular language.
A position associated ith Edward Sapir and benjamin Whorf, that language has the power to shape the way people see the world. linguistic relativity principle.
pidgin? a language with no native speakers that develops in a single generation between members of communities
what is an example of linguistic inequality? AAE--African American English
Created by: kimharris