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SAS Skeletal Anatomy

SAS Skeletal Anatomy Terminology, Dog

skeleton framework of structures, made of bones and cartilage that support and protect the body
axial skeleton includes the skull, verebrae, ribs, and sternum
appendicular skeleton the fore and hind limbs
occiput the highest and rearmost part of the skull; bone which peaks at the end of the skull
cervical vertebrae bones of the neck
atlas the first cervical vertebrae
axis the 2nd cervical vertebra; serves as a pivot for turning the head
thoracic vertebrae the bones that form the dorsal part of the thoracic cage
lumbar verebrae lower back
sacrum vertebrae that are attached to the pelvis
coccygeal vertebrae bones of the tail, can also be called caudal vertebrae
hip joint hinged component of leg that allows walking, bending, etc. This is where the head of the femur & acetabulum meet.
femur uppermost part of the rear leg of a dog
patella also known as a knee cap
tibia one of the 2 bones of the lower rear leg
fibula one of the 2 bones of the lower rear leg
tarsus also known as hock; ankle bone of a dog
metatarsus also known as pastern; paw bone between ankle and phalanges
phalanges also known as digits or toes
stifle joint also known as knee joint, where the tibia and femur meet
os coxae also known as the pelvis
ribs bones of the thoracic cage
metacarpus also known as pastern; bone of the paw of the foreleg between the carpus and the phalanges
carpus also known as the wrist
radius one of two bones of the lower foreleg of a dog
ulna one of two bones of the lower foreleg of a dog
elbow joint hinge between humerus & radius
sternum a long flat bone located in the center of the thorax
humerus upper bone of the foreleg
shoulder joint where the top of the humerus and bottom of the scapula connect
scapula also known as shoulder blade
mandible lower part of the jaw
maxilla upper part of the jaw
orbit eye socket
skull many plates of bone fused together, protecting the brain
Created by: Mrs. Talbot