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Derm Path Vocab

Vocab for Derm path

QuestionAnswer
Dermatitis Inflammation of the skin
Dermatopathy or Dermatosis Non-inflammatory skin diseases, predominantly alopecic diseases
Dystrophy Usually follicular and implies a hereditary condition
Atrophy Can be acquired, there are some epidermal and dermal atrophies but most atrophy is also follicular
Alopecia Hair loss
Erythema Redness of skin due to congestion of capillaries
Macule Flat, circumscribed lesion of altered skin color
Papule Circumscribed, solid elevation of skin (<1 cm)
Pustule Small, circumscribed accumulation of pus within the epidermis or within a hair follicle
Pruritus Itching
Scale Thin, platelike accumulation of stratum corneum on surface of skin
Crust Material formed by drying of exudates or secretion on the skin surface
Urticaria Usually transient vascular reaction in the upper dermis consisting of edema manifested clinically as wheals (hives); a more superficial version of angioedema
Angioedema Vascular reaction involving the deep dermis or subcutis and consisting of edema manifested as giant wheals and caused by dilation and increased permeability of capillaries (deeper version of urticaria)
Excoriation Secondary lesion; superficial loss of epithelium due to physical trauma (scratching)
Pyoderma Pyogenic bacterial infection of the skin
Vesicle Small blister within the epidermis or at or below the dermal-epidermal interface (<1 cm)
Blister (vesicle or bulla) localized collection of fluid usually in or beneath epidermis; note that “bulla” is also used in lung for a subpleural accumulation of air/gas
Bulla large blister (>1 cm)
Lichenification thickening of skin with accentuation of skin creases; the microscopic appearance of lichenification is thickened epidermis, known as “acanthosis”
Intertrigo dermatitis that develops because of friction between apposing skin surfaces (e.g., adjacent folds)
Paronychia inflammation of skin around nails
Onychodystrophy abnormal formation of the nail
Onychomadesis sloughing of nails
Onychomycosis fungal (mycotic) infection of nail, akin to athlete’s foot of the nail(s); sometimes used interchangeably with fungal paronychia
Effluvium shedding of hair
Glabrous largely hairless, smooth as the skin of the scrotum
Hypotrichosis less hair than normal
Created by: bziemer