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Vet Endocrine Dz

Parathyroid, Thyroid, Adrenals

QuestionAnswer
NET PTH EFFECT INCREASE SERUM Ca2+ DECREASE SERUM P INCREASE RENAL EXCRETION OF P
HYPERPARATHYROIDISM HYPERCALCEMIA HYPOPHOSPHATEMIA ISOSTHENURIA (PU/PD) BONE LESIONS INCREASED ALP AZOTEMIA SOFT-TISSUE MINERALIZATION
CALCITONIN EFFECTS INHIBIT PTH INCREASE RENAL EXCRETION OF P
ACID-BASE EFFECTS ON CALCIUM ALKALOSIS - DECREASED IONIZED Ca2+ ACIDOSIS - INCREASED IONIZED Ca2+
CAUSES OF HYPERCALCEMIA PT ADENOMA / HYPERCALCEMIA OF MALIGNANCY HYPERVITAMINOSIS D RENAL Dz (horses) BONE Dz (osteolysis) GRANULOMATOUS Dz (blastomycosis( ADRENAL INSUFFICIENCY
CAUSES OF HYPOCALCEMIA HYPOALBUMINEMIA ALKALOSIS (ruminants) RENAL Dz ETHYLENE GLYCOL TOXICOSIS PANCREATITIS (dogs) PARTURIENT PARESIS (cows) / ECLAMPSIA (dogs, mares, ewes) INTESTINAL MALABSORPTION BLISTER BEETLE TOXICOSIS (horses) GRASS TETANY (cows) HYPOPARATHYROIDI
CAUSES OF HYPERPHOSOPHATEMIA DECREASED GFR (RENAL Dz) HYPERVITAMINOSIS D HYPOPARATHYROIDISM or RENAL 2NDARY HYPERPARATHYROIDISM OSTEOLYTIC BONE LESIONS INCREASED INTESTINAL ABSORPTION OF P
CAUSES OF HYPOPHOSPHATEMIA PRIMARY/PSEUDOHYPERPARATHYROIDISM NUTRITIONAL 2NDARY HYPERPARATHYROIDISM PARTURIENT PARESIS (cows), ECLAMPSIA (dogs, mare, ewe) INTESTINAL MALABSORPTION
CAUSES OF HYPERMAGNESEMIA RENAL FAILURE (herbivores) ANTACIDS/Mg2+ CATHARTICS WITH RENAL FAILURE
CAUSES OF HYPOMAGNESEMIA INADEQUATE DIETARY Mg2+(grass tetany)
Dx HYPOTHYROIDISM Ca > Fe DECREASED T4 INCREASED TSH DECREASED fT4 MILD, NON-REGEN ANEMIA HYPERCHOLESTEROLEMIA
Dx HYPERTHYROIDISM Fe > Ca ELEVATED SERUM T4 TRH STIM - NO CHANGE IN T4 T3 SUPPR - NO CHANGE IN T4 INCREASED fT4 POLYCYTHEMIA INCREASED ALT INCREASED ALP EXACERBATION OF CRF AS CO DECREASES GLUCOSE INTOLERANCE (DIABETES MELLITUS)
EFFECT OF GLUCOCORTICOIDS SUPPRESS CRH (--> ACTH) ANTAGONIZE INSULIN (HYPERGLYCEMIA) INCREASE LIPOLYSIS SUPPRESS WOUND HEALING, INFLAMMATION, IMMUNOLOGIC RESPONSE BLOCKS ADH (PU/PD)
Dx PD HYPERADRENOCORTICISM BASELINE - N TO INCREASED ACTH STIM - INCREASED LOW DOSE DEX - INCREASED HIGH DOSE DEX - DECREASED ENDOGENOUS [ACTH] - N TO INCREASE STRESS LEUKOGRAM INCREASED ALP INCREASED ALT HYPERGLYCEMIA LIPEMIA HYPERCHOLESTEROLEMIA ISOSTHENURIA, HYPOSTHEN
Dx AD HYPERADRENOCORTICISM BASELINE - N TO INCREASED ACTH STIM - NORMAL TO INCREASED LOW DOSE DEX - INCREASED HIGH DOSE DEX - INCREASED ENDOGENOUS [ACTH] - DECREASED STRESS LEUKOGRAM INCREASED ALP INCREASED ALT HYPERGLYCEMIA LIPEMIA HYPERCHOLESTEROLEMIA ISOSTHENURIA, HYP
Dx IATROGENIC HYPERADRENOCORTICISM BASELINE - N TO DECREASED ACTH STIM - NO CHANGE STRESS LEUKOGRAM INCREASED ALP INCREASED ALT HYPERGLYCEMIA LIPEMIA HYPERCHOLESTEROLEMIA ISOSTHENURIA, HYPOSTHENURIA
Dx HYPOADRENOCORTICISM ACTH STIM - NO CHANGE CORTICOL ATROPHY HYPONATREMIA HYPERKALEMIA HYPERCALCEMIA HYPOGLYCEMIA ABSENCE OF STRESS LEUKOGRAM
Created by: 26509889