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Directional Terms

Terms for direction

Dorsal Refers to the back
Ventral Refers to the belly or underneath of a body or body part.
palmar Bottom of the front foot/hoof
Plantar Bottom of the rear foot/hoof
Caudal Towards the tail
Cranial Means toward the head
lateral means away from midline or towards the side
Medial Means toward midline
Transverse planes Divides the body into cranial and caudal
sagittal Plane Divides the body into unequal right and left halves.
Midsagittal planes Divides the body into equal right and left halves.
Distal Means farthest from midline or beginning of a structure.
Proximal Means nearest to midline or beginning of a structure.
Anatomy The study of body structure
Recumbancy Lying down
abduction Means to move away from midline
Adduction Move toward the midline
buccal Part of the tooth that faces the cheek
lingual Part of the tooth that face the tongue.
Superficial Near the surface
Deep Means away from the surface
Pathology is the study of the changes caused by disease in the structure and functions of living things
physiology study of the normal function and activities or organisms
Created by: ctwngrl08