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ANSC 2000

EXAM 1

QuestionAnswer
When were dogs domesticated? 15,000 years ago
When were cats domesticated? 9,000 years ago
Characteristics for domestication hardy and easy to keep. Relatively low reactivity to men. Short flight distance. Useful to man. Herbivorous or omnivorous. Social/Behavioral traits we like
Behavioral traits for domestication matriarchal, stable dominance order, gregarious, sexual dimorphism, one male to many females, mother bonds to baby
Who owns pets? 58% of all american households. families and singles
How many dogs total? 69 or 72 million
How many cats total? 77 million (average 2 cats per owner)
How many birds total 12 million
How many fish total? 24 million
The down side of owning a pet puppies aren't cute forever, finances and life situations change, millions of dogs are euthanized each year.
Overpopulation 30 million cats and dogs are born every year in the US. 10million are put down. We can fix this by spaying and neutering, leash and fence laws, and education
Pet Pollution feces and urine, how do we dispose of these safely? Israel is making a genetic database to track down pet owners who leave fecal matter
Guard Dogs typically big dogs that are trained to attack. Boxer, Rotweiler, Doberman. The first thing the intruder knows is that they are under attack
Watch Dogs bark at intruders. tend to be little "yap" dogs.
Purebred vs Mutt purebred dogs are a bit easier to predict in behavior and temperament. But may suffer from health problems. Mutts usually have hybrid vigor
Most Popular Breeds German Sheperd, Poodle, Cavalier King Charles Spaniel, Daschund, Shih Tzu, Lab, Cocker Spaniel, Aussie Cattle Dogs, Golden Retriever, Bulldog
Top 5 Smartest Dogs Border collie, Poodle, German Shepherd, Golden Retriver, Doberman
Top 5 Dumbest Dogs Afghan Hound, Basenji, Chow Chow, Borzoi, Bulldog
AKC Groups Sporting, Herding Toy, Hound, Working, Terrier, Non-Sporting, Miscellaneous
Sporting Dogs naturally active and alert. Make like-able well rounded companions. High activity level and regular exercise. Irish Setter, cocker spaniel, lab etc
Hounds follow game by scent or sight and track it down for humans
Working Group bred to perform jobs such as pulling, guarding, and performing water rescues. Asset to man, solid companion, but you must be dominant, not for everyone.
Spitz type pointed ears, wolf face, long double coat with the tail curled up over back
Terrier Group have distinctive personality. BRed to hunt and eliminate small predators. Have little tolerance for other animals including other dogs. Make engaging pets but needs an owner with determination
Toy Group Small in size. Ideal apartment dogs. AKC recommends purchasing a small dog rather than a large one. Easier tot control and more economical companion
Non-Sporting Group vary in terms of size, coat, personality, and overall appearance. Dogs that don't fit into any category. Include chows, dalmations etc
Herding Group created in 1983, the newest AKC group. Used for herding large and medium livestock. generally try to herd their owners, nip at heels. Collies, cattle dogs, corgi's, and pembroekes
Miscellaneous Class Not recognized in the AKC yet. Pending AKC status
Dogs Canis Lupus Familiarus, yep it's a wolf. Domesticated about 30,000 BC. Male: dog, Female: bitch, Group: pack
Cats Domesticated in Egypt/North africa. Felis catus. Much more carnivorous than dogs. Male: tom, Female: Queen, Immature: Kitten. They are not gregarious, never found in a group
4 Main types of cats british/american short hair, foreign types, long hairs, hairless. Cats do not vary as much as dogs
Foreign Type Cats very long and lean, look like ancient desert cats
Shorthair Cats bigger thicker bodies with short hair
South Asian Type Cats have color points, grey with stripe down the back. can have long or short hair
Hairless Cat mutation, problems with their skin
Where to get your dog or cat from a pound or a reputable breeder
Pound Dogs not free, but cheap. You do not know the medical/behavioral history of the dog. Given the number of pound dogs out there, adopting from a pound is the most ethical thing to do
Buying a Purebred pricey, but you can see the parents and you are more sure of what you are getting
Bird buy from a pet store or from an individual, but parrots are a long commitment, they can live up to 70 years
Hip dysplasia #1 physical problem in large dogs. there are surgeries available but they don't really work
Brachycephalic short scrunched nose, like a bulldog
mesaticephalic medium length nose
dolichocephalic long nosed dog
Mice Mus muculus. Male: Buck, Female: Doe, Young: Pup, Group: Clan or colony
Rats Rattus novegicus or Rattus rattus
Guinea Pig Cavi porcellus. Male: boar Female: sow Group: clan or colony
Langomorphs rabbits, hares, and pikas. Male: Buck, Female: Doe, Young: Kits, Group: Warren
What is the pet with least cost in the first year and lowest environmental impact? goldfish: $200, Cat $1000, Dog $1300 *bigger the dog, bigger the impact
Picking your pup or kitten must be healthy or course, no sniffles or runny eyes. Behavior bold or sweet? markings and appearance
List 3 Factors which should be considered when choosing a pet
Hip dysplasia is or is not affected by genetics? hip dysplasia is affected by genetics
List tree species used as pets canines (dogs), felines (cats), rodentia (hamster)
What is another name for dog's lips? flews
What is the name for a male guinea pig? boar
what is the name for a female guinea pig? sow
Rabbits are or are not rodents? no they are langmorphs
List 3 reasons humans keep companion animals guard/protection, companionship, ego/status
When were dogs domesticated 15,000 years ago
Where were dogs domesticated? East Asia
List three characteristics that make an animal suitable for domestication gregarious or pack animals, herbivorous or omnivorous, short flight distance, low reactivity to man
How many dogs are there? 70+million
How many cats are there? 77million
How many dogs are euthanized per year? 10million
List two diseases dogs and cats can give to humans rabies, toxicplasmosis, cat scratch fever
When do dog ears and eyes open? 10 days of age
Why is it good to handle pups during early life it socializes them and makes them easier to train later in life.
What age are pups weaned? 6-8 weeks
What age are kitten weaned 6-8 weeks
When does primary socialization in dogs occur? between 8 and 12 weeks
When does primary socialization in cats occur?
Pups should not be removed from their dams until? 8 weeks of age at the earliest
Can dogs learn human behaviors and how to read them and interact with people? yes
Puberty occurs ________ in male than in female dogs? later
List three vocalizations and what they mean? growl: back off I'm uncomfortable with you, sneeze:something new irritating ,or unusual. whine: let me out, feed me
A submissive dog does what? rolls over and exposes their belly
List 3 ways cats mark their territory Urine, feces, and glands behind their ears
If a dog or cat you don;t know is very quiet and staring at you intensely it is about to be defensive if you approach and is probably scared of you
Cats spray on vertical or horizontal surfaces? vertical
How big is an urban pack of dog typically? 2-3
A social order is established by ______ and then actually reduces/increases the amount of that behavior fighting, reduces
What is the difference between range and territory? range: the whole area a dog patrols. territory: where a dog fights to defend
In regards to a social life, cats are generally regarded as __________. asocial
What disease are boxers prone to? cancer
What breed of is the most registered German shepherd
Why are there so few breeds of cats cats do not vary as much from breed to breed
What organization does the majority of dog registration in the US? AKC- American Kennel Club
List the groups of dogs used for judging purposes. herding, hound, sporting, non-sporting, terrier, toy, working, miscellaneous
Why should children not run away from a dog they do not know? it may set off a natural predator instinct in the dog
Which breed of dog is most likely to bite a person? german shepherd
which breed of dog is most likely to bite their owners english spring spaniel- springer rage
When separating fighting dogs, which dog should be removed? the loosing dog
What is the primary thing you should do to reduce the chances of having a biting dog? socialize them as a puppy
How do cats learn what is suitable prey? the mother bring prey and teach them
How can you tell a dog is a running or coursing breed they have a long body
What are characteristics of a spitz breed? thick double layered coat, pointed ears, wolf-like features, tail curled up over back
What is the primary sensory organ of a dog? nose
What do polytococus and altricial man? means litter bearing animals
Neonatal Period in dogs unable to regulate body temp, limited motor ability, need mom to stimulate urination and defecation. Their nose works and have a sense of touch and temperature but eyes and ears are closed until 10 days
What are behaviors puppies are born with? rooting and suckling reflex
Neonatal Cats 0-2 weeks, orient to sound. eyes open at 2 weeks. They begin competing for dominance, this is earlier than in dog
Sense of smell in cats developed by week 3
When are teeth developed in dogs? day 20, begin eating solid food
When are teeth developed in cats? week 4
When is the transition period in dogs? day 14-21
When is the transition period in cats? day 14-49
When are dogs able to learn at an adult rate day 45
4-5 Weeks of age in dogs can learn but not at an adult rate. introduce new experiences and objects to pups at this period.
When are cats fully mature? by week 5, They learn to pounce, groom. By week 7 adult sleep, grooming, motor skills, and social interaction are developed.
Primary Socialization most important period. open to new stimuli. 3-12 weeks of age. after 12 weeks they are more reserved to new stimuli
Socialization animal develops species specific social behaviors. Learn to act like a cat or dog. Dogs can also learn to read human behaviors, cats to a lesser degree with humans
What happens if you separate a puppy too early they have problem relating to other dogs and too attached to humans
When do female dogs go through puberty? 6-16 months of age, depending on size and nutrition
When do male dogs go through puberty? later than females, 10-12 months
when do cats go through puberty? 6-8 months
How many members are in a wolf pack? 2-12 members
How many members are in an urban dog pack? 2-3
how many dogs are in a rural dog pack? 2-5
What is a group of young kittens called? kindergartens
Aggression in Dogs a truly aggressive dog should be destroyed. there can be a genetic basis for dog aggression
Aggression in Cats causes by over-stimulation, limit the length of play period.
Inter-specific aggression in dogs territory defense is the biggest cause. most often show it toward children and livestock. This varies by breed and their learned behavior
How to avoid dog bits do not run away, back away slowly. Avoid eye contact. keep hands up do not offer to let the dog sniff
How not to have a biting dog socialize as a pup, train to respond to basic commands, never leave a small child unattended, teach children to be cautious, let a sleeping and eating dog lie
what to do if you are attacked curl up and defend around neck
How to react to fearful dogs avoid eye contact, use a catch pole, and muzzle the dog asap.
How to deal with fighting dogs do not separate by hand. Stop the loosing dog and remove it from the area. use a water spray
Protective eaters dogs protect food from other pack members. discipline young or small dogs if they do this.
How to deal with a jumping dog ignore the dog. when calm give attention. Step in their toes, and be consisten
Intra-specific aggression in cats more smoke than fire, normal after copulation
How to deal with a fearful cat use heavy gloves, grab by the nape of the neck keeping your forearm in line with the spine, and support their hindquarters
Inter-specific aggression in cats small size means they aren't much of a worry to humans. but they can claw at your ankles and such
Vision born with eyes closes, they open at 10 days. eyes reach adult color at 3 weeks of age. cats do not need their eyes completely for adult behavior. Have binocular and monocular vision.
Nicitating membrane a 3rd membrane that goes across the eye
Dog Night vision have more rods, which detect motion and provide vision in dim light. have a mirror like membrane (tympanum) that reflects light back through the rods so it impacts them twice
Cat Night vision have an elliptical pupil which opens and closes faster and is larger than round pupils. Adaptation to night hunting.
Color-blindness dogs and cats are red-green colorblind
Hearing range in dogs 20-40,000 Hz
Hearing range in cats 20- 60,000 Hz
Balance in cat inner ear anatomy is similar to that of a human. do not get carsick easily. can right self if they fall from high up. Can do this if they are deaf but not if they are blindfolded
Sense of Smell developed at birth, use it more than humans. dogs may be more that 100,000 times better than man
Scent marking in dogs urine, glands around ears, paws, anus, and feces
scent marking in cats urine, glands around paws ears and chin
Vomeronasal organ located about the harp palate called the "VNO" used to ID pheromones. Involved in Flehmen Response (upper lip curl)
Sense of Touch developed at birth. dogs vary a lot by breed because of what they were bred to do. (ie fighting dogs do not feel). Cats are sensitive to pressure but not heat. Whiskers on a cat are touch organs
Sense of Taste: Dogs prefer meat to a high protein non-meat diet. prefer canned and cooked meat compared to raw. Like it moist. like novel foods. Beef> Pork>Lamb>Chicken>Horse. Like sucrose
Sense of Taste: Cats cats will starve rather than eat a meal they do not like. Fish>chicken>pork>horse>beef>lamb. Prefer moist, novel foods. No preference for sugar, raw or cooked.
Created by: asculpepper