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Intro to Ag Science

Introduction to Agriculture Science Terms

Nutrient plant sources the substances necessary for the functioning of a plant organism
Nutrient animal sources the substances necessary for the functioning of an organism of animal origin
energy provided by food to provide life processes of living organisms
shelter structures used by humans as protection from the elements
fiber material used to make clothing and shelter
forestry science and industry of growing, managing, and harvesting trees
production agriculture farming and ranching
Crop rotation planting of a different crop in a field every year or every several years
reaper a machine that cuts grain
moldboard plow a plow with a curved bottom that will turn prairie soils
ornamental horticulture use and production of plants for their beauty
renewable natural resources resources that can be replaced or replenished Ex: timber, deer, etc.
landscape horticulture includes production, marketing, and maintenance of landscape plants
floriculture includes production and marketing of floral crops
consumer a broad label for individuals or households that use goods and services generated within the economy
climate encompasses the statistics of temperature, humidity, atmospheric pressure, rainfall, and wind and other numerous meteorological elements in a given region over long periods of time
customs the established patterns of behavior that can be objectively verified within a particular social setting
standard of living is generally measured by standards such as real income per person and poverty rate. Other measures such as access and quality of health care, income growth inequality, and educational standards are also used
developing nation a term generally used to describe a nation with a low level of material well being
developed nation nations that have a high level of development according to some criteria
mechanization providing human operators with machinery that assist them with the muscular requirements of work. It can also refer to the replacement of human or animal labor with machines.
agriscience a system of acquiring agricultural knowledge based on the scientific method and research
technology a broad concept that deals with human as well as with other species usage and knowledge of tools and crafts and how it affects a species ability to control and adapt its environment
applied agriscience knowledge used in producing plants and animals
basic agriscience provides and understanding of how a process works; this knowledge is used to improve agricultural practices and products
scientific method refers to a body of techniques for investigating phenomena, acquiring new knowledge, or for correcting and integrating previous knowledge
Created by: eskinner22



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