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Rad Vocab

Vocab wksht & Anatomy of Machine

A number of x-rays traveling together through space at a rapid speed X-Ray Beam
The number of cycles of the wave that pass a stationary point in a second. Frequency
A positively charged electrode Anode
A bundle of radiant energy (Quanta) Photons
An electron's orbital path and energy level Shell
An area from which all air has been removed Vacuum
A positively charged particle located in the nucleus of an atom Proton
A process in which an electron is moved to a higher energy level within the atom Excitation
A method of transporting energy through space, distinguished by wavelenght, frequency, and energy Electromagnetic
A basic part of matter that consists of a nucleus and surrounding cloud of electrons Atom
The ability of a substance to emit visible light Fluorescence
The distance between two consecutive corresponding points on a wave Wave Length
A neutral particle located in the nucleus of an atom Neutron
A visible photographic record on film produced by x-rays passing through an object Radiograph
A negatively charged electrode Cathode
The number of protons in an atoms nucleus Atomic Number
A negatively charged particle that travels around the nucleus Electron
The increase in speed over time Acceleration
Percentage of energy released as heat 99%
Transformer that increases incoming voltage Step-Up
Kilovoltage peak kVp
Milliamperage mA
Partial outer shadow of an object being imaged by illumination Penumbra
Percent of energy in the form of x-ray 1%
The control panel of the x-ray machine Console
A restricting device used to control the size of the primary x-ray beam Collimator
Controls the length of exposure Timer Switch
Anode Target
When metal deposits on the inner wall of the envelope act as a secondary anode Arcing
Type of metal used in focusing cup Molybdenum
Used as the filament of a cathode Tungsten
Transformer that reduces the input voltage Step-Down
Area of the target which electrons collide on the anode Focal Spot
A mixture of metals Alloy
Most modern machines have this number of filaments Two
Created by: pritykity22