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Inhalent Week 5 exam

inhalent anesthetic agents week 5 exam

QuestionAnswer
Halothane inhalent anesthetic can sensitize the heart to catecholamines. True or False? True!
Which of the following inhalent agents has the lowest solubility coefficieint? a. Isoflurane; b. Sevoflurane; c. Methoxyflurane; d. Halothane b. Sevoflurane
An anesthetic agent that has a low solubility coefficient will result in ____ induction and recovery time? Fast!
Compared with Methoxyflurane, Halothane is considered to have a ______? Higher Vapor Pressure!
Which of the following is an example of a dissociative anesthetic? a. Propofol; b. Tiletimine HCl; c. Pentobarbital sodium; d. Thiopental sodium. b. Tiletimine HCl
Isoflurane is a more potent cardiac depressant than halothane? True or False? FALSE! Halothane is a more potent cardiac depressant.
Metabolism and elimination of ketamine hydrochloride are the same in the dog as they are in the cat? True or Flase? False! Ketamine is eliminated in the kidneys in the cat; and in the dog the liver.
Which of the following is Not an effect of halothane on the body? a. Vasodilation; b. Nystagmus; c. Sensitization of myocardium to catecholamine; d. Depression of myocardial cells; e. Respiratory depression b. Nystagmus
One problem frequently associated with recovery from Telazol in dogs is? Excitement.
Propofol sometimes causes transient apnea upon induction. How can you avoid this? Titrate in several boluses.
Effects that barbiturates can have on the body include? Respiratory depression; Cardiac arrhythmias and Bradycardia.
Effects of halothane on the body include: a. Hypotension; b. GI motility are increased; c. Good muscle relaxation from halothane; d. Tidal volume is decreased; e. CNS depression a. Hypotension; c. Good muscle relaxation from halothane; d. Tidal volume is decreased; e. CNS depression
The concentration of barbiturate entering the patients brain is affected by what factors: a. Blood pH of the animal; b. Lipid solubility of the drug; c. Perfusion of the brain; d. Plasma protein levels a. Blood pH of the animal; b. Lipid solubility of the drug; c. Perfusion of the brain; d. Plasma protein levels
Which of the following drugs can be safely and effectively given IM or IV in a feline? a. Methohexital sodium; b. Tiletimine and Zolazepam; c. Ketamine Hydrochloride; d. Thiopental sodium; e. Propofol b. Tiletimine and zolazepam; c. Ketamine Hydrochloride
Factors that can affect the speed of the inductin process with a volatile gas anesthetic agent include: a. concurrent use of atropine; b. MAC of the agent; c. Solubility coefficient of the agent; d. Vaporizer setting c. Solubility coefficient of the agent; d. Vaporizer setting
Mac will vary with: a. The anesthetic agent used; b. The age of the patient; c. The body temperature of the patient; d. Concurrent use of other drugs a. The anesthetic agent used; b. The age of the patient; c. The body temperature of the patient; d. Concurrent use of other drugs
Effects that isoflurane can have on the body include: a. Accumulation in the body fat; b. Seizures during recovery; c. Depression of the respiratory system; d. Hepatic toxicity; e. Generalized CNS depression c. Depression of the respiratory system; e. Generalized CNS depression
Effects that are commonly seen after administration of a cyclohexamine drug include: a. Increased CSF; b. Tachycardia; c. Hypertension; d. Increased IOP; e. Increased muscle rigidity a. Increased CSF; b. Tachycardia; c. Hypertension; d. Increased IOP; e. Increased muscle rigidity
Which of the following drugs are considered to be alpha-2 agonists? a. Acepromazine; b. Hydromorphine; c. Medetomidine; d. Atipamezole; e. Xylazine c. Medetomidine; e. Xylazine
Effects that are commonly seen after premedication with a phenothiazine agent include: a. Reduced salivation; b. Tachycardia; c. Antiarrhythmic effects; d. Peripheral vasodilation; e. Peripheral constriction b. Tachycardia; c. Antiarrhythmic effects; d. Peripheral vasodilation
A neuroleptanalgesic is: An opioid agent used at higher dosages in COMBINATION with a tranquilizer to achieve a state of profound sedation and analgesia.
An example of a neuroleptanalgesic: Morphine and Diazepam
What is the mechanism of action of the cyclohexamines: The disruption of nerve conduction pathways within the cerebrum and stimulation of the reticular activating center of the brain.
Cyclohexamines cause selective CNS depression. True or False? True!
Effects typically seen with cyclohexamine agents include: a. Retained reflex responses (palpebral, laryngeal, pharyngeal); b. Sound sensitive; c. Increased muscle tone (almost rigidity); d. Analgesia to skin and limbs, NOT visceral. e. Increased IOP/CSF a. Retained reflex responses (palpebral, laryngeal, pharyngeal); b. Sound sensitive; c. Increased muscle tone (almost rigidity); d. Analgesia to skin and limbs, NOT visceral. e. Increased IOP/CSF
Cyclohexamine should be used in caution with: Patients with hypertension, tachycardia and hyperthyroidism. They also have a potential to cause seizure activity.
Cyclohexamines are classified as: Dissociative agents, schedule C 3 controlled substance.
The 3 categories of barbiturates are: Ultrashort acting (Methohexital); Short acting (Thiopental); Intermediate acting (Pentobarbital)
As the depth of anesthesia increases there will be a continued depression of cardiovascular AND respiratory function. True or False? True!
Your patient is suffering from atelectasis during recovery. What is happening? The patient has a partially collapsed alveoli.
Tachynic is: An increase in respiratory rate.
The SPO2 on the pulse oximeter reads 90%, this indicates that your patient: Is hypoxic and you need to administer more oxygen.
A patient that has been anesthetized will often have a: Mild respiratory acidosis.
Electromechanical dissociation is: When the animal has a normal ECG even though heart contractions have ceased.
Capnography is a method of monitoring: The amount of C02 in the air that is breathed in and out by the patient.
Normal Sa02 values in an anesthetized patient should remain: Between 95 and 100%
The vapor pressure of sevoflurane is _____ than isoflurane. LOWER.
The use of atropine in cats is associated with: The production of mucous secretions within the airways.
Patients with class _____ or higher physical status should be stabilized before surgey if possible. 3
One gastrointestinal condition that could potentially develop into a life threatening condition is bloat and could be caused by what anesthetic drug? Xylazine
The opioid drug, Morphine, being a pure agonist stimulates what receptor in the brain? Mu receptor, Kappa receptor, Sigma receptor and Delta receptor.
Created by: pritykity22