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Anesthesia Ch 3 Qs

Anesthesia Ch 3 review Qs from the book

QuestionAnswer
Etomidate is particularly well suited for induction of dogs with which of the following problems? a. Severe cardiac disease; b. Renal failure; c. Orthopedic disease; d. Pediatric (younger than 4 weeks) a. Severe cardiac disease
Injectable drugs that are highly fat soluble are likely to be taken up by the brain more quickly than drugs that are not fat soluble. True or False? True!
Which of the following is an example of a dissociative anesthetic? a. Thiopental sodium; b. Pentobarbital sodium; c. Ketamine hydrochloride; d. Propofol c. Ketamine hydrochloride
One of the disadvantages of the drug methohexital is that animals that are anesthetized with it often may demonstrate excitement during recovery. True or False? True!
Metabolism and elimination of ketamine hydrochloride are the same in the dog as they are in the cat? True or False? False!
Compared with methoxyflurane, halothane is considered to have a: a. Higher vapor pressure; b. Similar vapor pressure; c. Lower vapor pressure a. Higher vapor pressure
Halothane may sensitize the heart to catecholamines. True or False? True!
Halothane is moderately soluble in rubber, which may result in release of the gas from anesthetic equipment. True or False? True!
An anesthetic agent that has a low solubility coefficient will result in _______________ induction and recovery time. a. Slow; b. Moderate; c. Fast c. Fast
Which of the following has the lowest solubility coefficient? a. Halothane; b. Isoflurane; c. Methoxyflurane; d. Sevoflurane d. Sevoflurane
As a rough guideline, to maintain a surgical plane of anesthesia, the vaporizer should be set at _____ x MAC. a. 0.5; b. 1; c. 1.5; d. 2; e. 2.5 c. 1.5
Isoflurane is a more potent cardiac depressant than halothane. True or False? False!
Propofol sometimes causes transient apnea. To avoid this, the anesthetist should: a. Give by infusion only; b. Premedicate with opioids; c. Administer IV only; d. Titrate this drug in several boluses d. Titrate this drug in several boluses
To be considered effective, nitrous oxide should be used at a minimun concentration of: a. 3%; b. 30 to 40%; c. 50% to 60%; d. More than 80%; e. None of the above ranges are correct c. 50% to 60%
One problem frequently associated with recovery from tiletamine-zolazepam in dogs is: a. Excitement; b. Bradycardia; c. Hypotension; d. Laryngospasm a. Excitement
Effects of halothane on the body include: a. Vasodilation; b. Nystagmus; c. Sensitization of myocardium to catecholamines; d. Depression of myocardial cells; e. Respiratory depression a. Vasodilation; c. Sensitization of myocardium to catecholamines; d. Depression of myocardial cells; e. Respiratory depression
Effects that barbiturates may have on the body include: a. Reduction of respiratory rate; b. Tachycardia; c. Cardiac arrhythmias; d. Decreased blood pressure a. Reduction of respiratory rate; c. Cardiac arrhythmias; d. Decreased blood pressure
The concentration of barbiturate entering the brain is affected by a variety of factors such as: a. Perfusion of the brain; b. Lipid solubility of the drug; c. Plasma protein levels; d. Blood pH of the animal a. Perfusion of the brain; b. Lipid solubility of the drug; c. Plasma protein levels; d. Blood pH of the animal
Effects that are commonly seen after administration of a cyclohexamine drug include: a. Increased blood pressure; b. Increased heart rate; c. Increased CSF pressure; d. Increased intraocular pressure a. Increased blood pressure; b. Increased heart rate; c. Increased CSF pressure; d. Increased intraocular pressure
Effects that isoflurane may have on the body include: a. Hepatic toxicity; b. Accumulation in body fat stores; c. Depression of respiration; d. Seizures during recovery c. Depression of respiration
MAC will vary with: a. Temperature of the patient; b. Age of the patient; c. Concurrent use of other drugs; d. Anesthetic agent a. Temperature of the patient; b. Age of the patient; c. Concurrent use of other drugs; d. Anesthetic agent
Factors that may affect the speed of the induction process with a volatile gaseous anesthetic include: a. Solubility coefficient of the agent; b. Vaporizer setting; c. MAC of the agent; d. Concurrent use of atropine a. Solubility coefficient of the agent; b. Vaporizer setting
Nitrous oxide may be included as part of an anesthetic protocol because it: a. May provide a second gas effect; b. Will reduce the amount of volatile anesthetic needed; c. Has minimal depressant effects on the respiratory or cardiovascular centers a. May provide a second gas effect; b. Will reduce the amount of volatile anesthetic needed; c. Has minimal depressant effects on the respiratory or cardiovascular centers
When pentobarbital sodium is used as an anesthetic, which of the following may be noted: a. Relatively slow onset of action; b. Respiratory depression; c. Poor analgesia; d. Slow recovery; e. Easily reversed a. Relatively slow onset of action; b. Respiratory depression; c. Poor analgesia; d. Slow recovery;
Which of the following drugs may be safely and effectively given IM or IV in a cat? a. Thiopental sodium; b. Telazol; c. Ketamine hydrochloride; d. Methohexital sodium b. Telazol; c. Ketamine hydrochloride
Created by: pritykity22