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endocrine disorders

endocrine disorders and tests

QuestionAnswer
what does endo and crine mean? within; to secrete or separate
list 5 organs with endocrine disorders? thyroid gland, parathyroid gland, adrenal gland, pituitary gland, pancreas
what is the master gland? pituitary gland
what is another name for the pituitary gland? hypophysis
what does gh somatropin do? promotes bone and soft tissue growth
what does tsh stand for? thyroid stimulating hormone
fsh stands for? follicile stimulating hormone
what does fsh do? stimulates follicules and secretion of estrogen
what does lh stand for and do? lutenizing hormone; stimulates the production of progesterone which maintains pregnancy
what does acth stand for and do? adrenocorticotropic hormone; stimulates adrenal glands to release corticosteroids and androgens
what does prolactin do? mammary gland development and milk production
what does msh stand for and do? melanocyte stimulating hormone; stimulates formation of melanin in skin and hair
what does adh stand for? antidiuretic hormone/vasopressin
what does adh do? stimulates water reabsorption
what does oxytocin do? stimulates contractions and milk let down
the hypothalmus releases what? trf thyroid releasing factor
trf stimulates the pituitary gland to release what? tsh
hypothyroid signalment? purebreds, 3-8 years old, females are more affected
hypothyroid clinical signs? cold intolerance, weight gain despite normal appetite, lethargy and mental dullness, exercise intolerance, and dermatological signs
how to diagnose hypothyroidism? low t4 and elevated tsh
how to treat hypothyroidism? thyroid hormone supplementation, soloxine
hyperthyroidism facts? 10yr old plus cats, usually bilateral, hypertension, t4 elevated in 98% of affected cats
how to treat hyperthyroidism? radioactive iodine treatment, surgery, or metimazole/tapazole
what causes feline hypertension? hyperthyroidism or chronic renal failure
how to treat hypertension? norvasc
what is pth? parathyroid hormone
list 4 fuctions of pth? inhibits renal calcium exretion, enhances phophorous excretion, mobilizes bone reabsorption, enhances reabsorption of calcium and phosphorous
hypoparathyroidism causes? hypocalcemia and hyperphosphatemia
what does latrogenic mean? accident b/c of surgery of treatment, etc.
how to diagnose hypoparathyroidism? low plasma pth concentration
how to treat hypoparathyroidism? if seizures/tremors give 10% calcium gluconate, oral vit. d, low phosphorous diets like k/d
how to diagnose hyperparathyroidism? elevated pth concentration
what is another name for hyperadrenocorticism? cushing's disease
what is cushing's dz? a disorder resulting from excessive production of cortisol by the adrenal cortex
name 3 classes of hyperadrenocorticism? pituitary dependent, adrenal dependent, and latrogenic
what does pdh stand for? pituitary dependent hyperadrenocorticism
calcinosis is a clinical sign of hyperadrenocorticism, what is it? sq calcium deposits
how to diagnose cushing's dz? pendulous abdomen, cbc/panel, urine creatinine/cortisol ratio, acth stimulation test, low dose dexamethazone suppression test
how to treat cushing's dz? trilostane or mitotane
what is another name for hypoadrenocorticism? addison's dz
clinical signs and diagnosis of addison's dz? gi abnormalities v/d; electrolyte abnormalites: hyperkalemia, hypoatremia. acth stimulation test
Created by: supersam1314