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clinpathexam3review

kidneys, endocrine disorders and tests, electrolytes/minerals, thyroidism,bloodT

QuestionAnswer
What percentage of cardiac output reaches the kidneys each minutes? 20-25%
list nephrotoxic drugs? acetaminophen, gentamicin, arsenic, metacam, tylenol, and ibuprofen
what is the glomerulus? capillary network/filter
explain the flow of things through the kidney? filtered through the glomerulus and the bowman's capsule to the proximal tubule, to the loop of henle to the distal tubule and into the collecting duct
what is blood called after it enters the bowman's capsule? filtrate
what does the cortex contain? glomeruli, tubules, and vessels
what happens in the tubules? water and sodium are reabsorbed
the kidney is important in producing and secreting? erythropoietin and calcitonin
list two kidney assays? bun and creatinine
where is bun made and excreted? liver; kidneys
where is creatinine made and excreted? muscles; kidneys
kidney problems are not the only factors that can increase bun? dehydration (most common reason), excessive protein intake, congestive heart failure, shock, gi bleeding
list causes of decreased bun? liver failure, malnutrition, overhydration
Created by: supersam1314