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(DMS) Chapter 16

The Political Development of Imperial China

Dynasty A line of rulers from the same family.
Government by foreigners A government in which people from another country is in charge of the country.
Bureaucracy A body of workers/leaders in a government with different levels of authority.
Mandate of Heaven According to Chinese beliefs, Heaven selected an emperor to rule China. Natural disasters are signs that an emperor and his dynasty has lost Heaven's blessing.
Meritocracy Rule by officials of proven merit, or skill.
Kublai Khan The first Mongol emperor of China. Established the Yuan dynasty.
Civil Service Exams A test given to qualify candidates for positions in the government.
Aristocracy Rule by wealthy landowners.
Dynasty A family of rulers.
Scholar-officials Men that prove they have skill and ability by passing the civil service exam, and are given a position in the government.
Confucius A famous Chinese philosopher that believed that anyone with the ability and knowledge should have a position in government.
Autocracy A form of government with a single unelected leader.
Oligarchy A form of government with a group of unelected leaders.
Republic A form of government with an elected leader that makes the decisions for the voters. Also known as an indirect democracy.
Democracy A form of government where the voters make all the decisions. Also known as a direct democracy.
Created by: jhoward72