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disenfectants

chapter 14 disinfectants and antiseptics

QuestionAnswer
Phenols type of disnefectant group, what does it clean laundry, floors, walls,equipment
ortho-phenylpenol *Lysol, Amphyl
hexachlorophene Phisohex
quarternary ammonium compounds, what do these cleans instruments,rubber, inanimate objects
didecyl dimethyl ammonium chloride Roccal-D
benzalkonium chloride Zephiran
aldehydes, what do these clean instruments
gluteraldehydes *Cidex, Glutarol
ethylene oxide use caution with these they are highly flammable and a "gas sterilization", what do these clean rubber goods, blankets, lensed instruments
alcohols what are these used to clean and what is the percentage of ingredients in them 70% isopropyl, 50% ethyl alcohol used to clean instruments and thermometers
halogens what are these used for to clean and what 2 groups are these classifed in chlorines and lodophors chlorines:floors,cages lodophors:presurgical scrub,thermometers
chlorine Chlorox
iodophors *Betadine, Povidine
biguanide what are these used for skin wounds,presurgical scrub,oral cleaning,solutions, cages
chlorhexadine *Nolvasan, Hibiclens, Virosen
hydrogen peroxide is used for what to kill anaerobic bacteria in deep wounds such as puncture wounds, and also to clean off blood from venipuncture
Why should hydrogen peroxide use be limited it damages proteins and can damage animal tissue
what are the main functions of soap and detergents to mechanically remove microbes they have limited bactericidal activity
what is a germicide a chemical that kills microorganisms
what is a bactericidal a chemical that kills bacteria
what is virucidal a chemical that kills viruses
what is a fungicidal a chemical that kills fungi
what is a sporicidal a chemical that kills spores, which are especially resistant to chemicals
Created by: scoobysnax