Busy. Please wait.
Log in using Clever

show password
Forgot Password?

Don't have an account?  Sign up 
Sign up using Clever

Username is available taken
show password


Make sure to remember your password. If you forget it there is no way for StudyStack to send you a reset link. You would need to create a new account.
Your email address is only used to allow you to reset your password. See our Privacy Policy and Terms of Service.

Already a StudyStack user? Log In

Reset Password
Enter the associated with your account, and we'll email you a link to reset your password.
Didn't know it?
click below
Knew it?
click below
Don't know
Remaining cards (0)
Embed Code - If you would like this activity on your web page, copy the script below and paste it into your web page.

  Normal Size     Small Size show me how

common feline dxs

small animal lecture

what does flutd stand for? feline lower urinary tract disease
causes of flutd? idiopathic, bacterial infections, crystalluria, urolithiasis, neoplasia, anatomic abnormalities
what is another word for crystalluria? struvite
another word for urolithiasis? calcium oxalate/urine stone
precipitating factors of flutd? dietary-increased magnesium>increased ph of urine.
other precipitating factors? obesity, decreases urine volume/urination, stress
signalment of flutd struvite and calcium oxalate? younger cats <4yrs; >5yrs
clinical signs of cystitis/urethritis-non obstructed? hematuria, pollakuria,dysuria, licking genitalia, small bladder, vocalization
pollakuria means? urinate frequently but in small amounts
clinical signs of partial or complete obstructed? inability to urinate, hiding behavior, painful abdomen, vocalization, enlarged bladder, licking genitalia
clinical signs after 24 hrs of obstruction? bradycardia, hyperkalemia (excessive potassium), depression, weakness, anorexia, vomiting, dehydration, acidosis, cardiac arrhythmias, renal failure which may lead to death
what else causes a cat to go into kidney failure? renal failure
what and where is hyperkalemia excreted? potassium is urinary excreted
treatment of hyperkalemia? relieve obstruction, ivfl-NaCl (sodium chloride/saline)
diagnosis of flutd? history and clinical findings, urinalysis/sediment, xrays/ultrasound, urine culture, stone analysis
treatment of the obstructed cat? monitor ins/outs of ivfl/urine, iv catheter/ nacl fluids, check potassium/bun/ crea, place on ecg, sedate/anesthesia, sterile saline and urinary catheter to hydropulse urethral plugs into the bladder, suture catheter in 24-48hrs
what else can be used to treat obstruction? pain meds-torbutrol and tramadol, antibiotics
what kind of diet should an obstructed cat go on? acidify diet to acidify urine
2 urinary acidifiers? methionine (ammonil) and ammonium chloride
what is a perineal urethrostomy? "sex change"
Created by: supersam1314



Use these flashcards to help memorize information. Look at the large card and try to recall what is on the other side. Then click the card to flip it. If you knew the answer, click the green Know box. Otherwise, click the red Don't know box.

When you've placed seven or more cards in the Don't know box, click "retry" to try those cards again.

If you've accidentally put the card in the wrong box, just click on the card to take it out of the box.

You can also use your keyboard to move the cards as follows:

If you are logged in to your account, this website will remember which cards you know and don't know so that they are in the same box the next time you log in.

When you need a break, try one of the other activities listed below the flashcards like Matching, Snowman, or Hungry Bug. Although it may feel like you're playing a game, your brain is still making more connections with the information to help you out.

To see how well you know the information, try the Quiz or Test activity.

Pass complete!

"Know" box contains:
Time elapsed:
restart all cards